22 Jun Renewable Energy as an Ambitious Achievement of the 7th SDG
Renewable energy as innovation brings down costs and starts to deliver on the promise of the 7th SDG. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was launched in 2015 to eradicate poverty and put the world on a path of opportunity for all people on a peaceful, prosperous and healthy planet. This means that renewable energy is increasingly replacing “dirty” fossil fuels in the energy sector, resulting in lower carbon emissions and other types of pollution. But not all energy advertised as “renewable” is good for the environment. When considering the impact on wildlife, climate change, and other issues, biomass and large hydropower dams will have difficult trade-offs.
Renewable Energy for All Mankind
In regards on The 7th SDG, energy is one of the most basic needs of mankind and has been recognized as the foundation of human progress in the 2030 Agenda. The global desire for energy seems to be endless, and many countries seek the development of the energy sector at all costs. Therefore, the cost will be borne by the next generation. The goal of SDG 7 is to ensure universal access to affordable and reliable modern energy services, to substantially increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix, and to improve the global rate of energy efficiency.
The investment exceeds the practice of households, governments at all levels, and businesses of all sizes. Although the role of the enterprise is crucial and constructive, the vested interests of the enterprise are also working hard to undermine this goal.
The energy transition needed to provide affordable clean energy for all can only succeed if the general public, households, and local communities have a high degree of private participation, and in fact they are jointly owned. This reflects a major break with the past. Until recently, the highly concentrated energy system overlapped with the national economy, regardless of local influences. The scale of investment is large, whether it is a national operation or a commercial company operation, the risks and returns are the same.
On a global scale, the energy transition is underway. This is as much as everyone has access to clean energy, and it is also related to the power of people and the power of large enterprises. The energy transition is closely related to poverty reduction through increased productivity, climate protection and food security. Gradually, the global energy structure is shifting from biomass energy for the poor and fossil fuel energy for the rich to cleaner renewable technologies, and greatly improving efficiency.
The rapid growth of renewable power capacity has not been accompanied by a decline in investment in fossil fuel power. In fact, its participation in the grid has not declined.
Sustainable development is the development that not only meets the needs of contemporary people, but also does not harm the ability of future generations to meet their needs. As a concept, it is holistic, taking into account the fairness between the country and generations, and it is necessary to balance environmental, social and economic factors that often compete with each other.
Until about 30 years ago, from the perspective of energy supply, sustainability was only considered from the perspective of fuel availability relative to utilization. Today, in the context of the sustainable development framework—especially concerns about climate change and environmental degradation—the situation is more complicated.
The relationship between energy consumption and human development is clear. Per capita consumption is as high as about 100 GJ, which has not yet reached 80% of the world’s population. A country can fundamentally improve the health, education and general well-being of its population by consuming more energy. Therefore, a more equitable and sustainable future must be based on the benefits of modern, affordable and reliable energy services for all.
But doing so will increase overall energy demand: Today, the world’s poorest 4 billion people consume only 5% of the total energy enjoyed by residents of advanced economies. To raise this figure to 15%, global energy consumption will increase in value equivalent to the additional demand from the US The key question, therefore, is: how should the energy be supplied?
Currently, more than 80% of primary energy consumption comes from the combustion of oil, natural gas and coal, unchanged since 1990. However, unregulated emissions from the burning of fuels are causing climate change, environmental damage and estimates that 7 people die prematurely and 1 million people a year. Therefore, the continued use of fossil fuels will have a profound impact on society, the economy and the environment.
The resulting dual challenge – the need to reduce harmful emissions while providing more energy to more people – places the energy sector at the center of achieving sustainable development. There is no technology that does not present risks to people or the environment. For example, while low-carbon energy sources do not emit carbon dioxide when used, they generate emissions and waste during construction, manufacturing, and decommissioning.
Therefore, the compatibility of any energy technology with the sustainable development goals must be assessed in relation to the alternatives. As the only proven, scalable and reliable low-carbon energy source, nuclear power will have to play a key role if the world is to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels to cope with climate change and air pollution in the long term.
However, more broadly, the claim of nuclear energy as a sustainable energy source is fundamentally strong due to its innate energy density and its internalization of costs to health and the environment. Compared to alternative forms of power generation, the use of nuclear energy has many sustainable advantages. By expanding your scope of use, you can provide affordable modern energy to all people that is currently unavailable, while reducing human impact on the natural environment and ensuring that the world’s ability to achieve other energy goals is not restricted. sustainable development.
Renewable Energy in Indonesia: The Clean Energy
In a statement issued on Wednesday, ESCAP stated that the National Sustainable Development Goal 7 roadmap developed in cooperation with the Indonesian National Energy Commission (DEN) aims to enable policy makers to take action that have been shown to help achieve clean and affordable energy goals. Indonesia is one of three pilot countries participating in the program. “Indonesia is a leader in Southeast Asia and has always been an example,” Armidala Salsiah Alisjahbana, ESCAP Executive Secretary, said in a statement.
“The government’s role in reducing fossil fuel subsidies has set a benchmark and proven to be one of the best practices in the world.” Although Indonesia is expected to complete its national electrification plan by the end of 2020 and complete its clean kitchen by 2022, however, a stronger policy framework is needed to give the country a head start in achieving renewable energy goals and energy efficiency in the seventh edition to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, said ESCAP.
The roadmap outlines Indonesia’s options to achieve its goal of 100% clean cooking, using energy-saving induction cooktops to supplement existing natural gas expansion plans with surplus electricity.
ESCAP wrote: “The share of renewable energy in total final energy consumption needs to increase to 22%, an increase of 6% from the current level, in order for Indonesia to achieve its Sustainable Development Goal 7 goals.” Experts warned that the coronavirus The economic contraction, deepening poverty, and rising unemployment caused by the virus emergency may hinder Indonesia’s efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.
This hinders the country’s progress in poverty eradication, which is the first sustainable development goal. The financial crisis triggered by the pandemic threatens global food supplies, forcing the development of renewable energy to compete with low fossil fuel prices. The National Development Programme (Bap recently) stated that this slows the elimination of hunger, the second SDG and affordable progress. and clean energy, the seventh goal.
Renewable Energy as an Investment
Based on aggregated data from ESCAP for the entire subregion, North Asia and Central Asia are expected to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 7: Clean and affordable energy. However, general statistics may obscure the challenges faced by different countries in the subregion. Seasonal power shortages and power outages are still frequent.
Hydrocarbons are still the main source of energy production and consumption, accounting for 91% of the energy structure of the subregion. Outdated energy infrastructure and unsustainable energy production and consumption patterns lead to high energy intensity. Obviously, there is room for improvement. The countries of this subregion must intensify their efforts to implement their energy transition strategies.
Goal 7 must be achieved in a fair and sustainable way. Developing the energy landscape has always been a priority for North and Central Asia. Looking ahead, the energy sector development plan must adhere to and incorporate the principles of sustainable development. In view of the untapped potential of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar and biomass energy, countries in this subregion should consider alternative renewable energy sources. Installing off-grid renewable energy systems can also help solve rural disconnect issues and create jobs in rural communities.
Priority should be given to investment in the development of clean energies that help achieve the diversification of the energy structure. Investment in the energy sector should also promote technology transfer and enhance expertise in developing clean energy systems. Renewable energy projects in the subregion that are currently managed mainly by foreign institutions should also help increase national technical knowledge.
Increasing investment in the renewable energy sector can also promote technological innovation by stimulating demand and promoting technological upgrading. It is also important to strengthen the coordination of infrastructure and cross-border energy networks. Given the interdependence of energy and the common interests of cross-border energy infrastructure, it is beneficial for the countries of the subregion to commit to establishing a coordination mechanism that helps stabilize energy supply.
The history of interconnected energy and electrical infrastructure in North and Central Asia highlights the need for regional cooperation to achieve energy security. Achieving a sustainable energy transition should be a priority for North and Central Asia. Given the interconnectedness of the Sustainable Development Goals, countries must adopt a coherent approach to support the achievement of SDG 7 targets, as well as environmental commitments, social inclusion and economic growth.
The North and Central Asia Sustainable Clean Energy Expert Group Meeting, which began on June 9, will discuss the key drivers and trends in the implementation of clean energy solutions in the sub-region and examine the interplay between sustainable clean energy. and the 2030 Agenda Development Contact.