25 Oct The high rate of hunger in Indonesia 2021 : How will the Indonesian government solve this problem?
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) records that around 690 million people in the world suffer from malnutrition. In Indonesia, there are still many problems regarding individuals who have food insufficiency problems and stunting problems in children. In 2016-2018 around 22 million Indonesians suffered from famine. Even based on the 2020 global food security index, Indonesia’s position is at level 65 out of a total of 113 countries.
From the problems above, this article will discuss in depth the problem of hunger in Indonesia.
Causes of hunger in Indonesia
Hunger is a condition of lack of food consumption in the community for a certain period of time. Most Indonesian people have a livelihood as farmers. Although Indonesia’s agricultural sector has grown significantly in recent periods, the productivity of agricultural products is still far from optimal. This is one of the causes of hunger from poverty.
Another contributing factor is the instability of the government system. Political and economic conditions in a region can cause famine in Indonesia. If there is instability in political and economic conditions, it can cause an increase in the price of goods or services. Therefore, the affordability of food consumption by the community will be increasingly difficult. This situation can be reflected in the crisis that was experienced by Indonesia.
In addition, overexploration of the environment, discrimination, and powerlessness such as children, women, and the elderly can also affect famine conditions. Based on research on the analysis of the determinants of hunger, the largest percentage of individuals experiencing hunger are housewives and women. It can be understood that culturally the role of women is to ensure that all members of the household, especially children, get enough food, so that she will prioritize her household members over herself.
What happens when hunger persists?
Death is a real impact that occurs due to hunger that is not handled. According to data from Oxfam, the potential for deaths from hunger by the end of 2020 is 12,000 per day. They mentioned that the potential for death from starvation could take more lives from the corona virus infection. Based on research, it is stated that the trigger for hunger is caused by a pandemic, climate crisis, and war conflicts experienced by a country.
As has happened in Central Maluku, three people from remote indigenous community members died due to lack of food and hunger. The famine that occurred in the area was caused by crop failure. The hunger experienced by around 170 residents of the remote indigenous community has reportedly occurred since early July 2018. They survive is by eating leaves, rattan, and nibong trees. This death incident also occurred in 2020, one of the residents of Serang, Banten died of starvation.
The government’s efforts to tackle the problem
Some Indonesian people who have a livelihood as farmers, make the government focus on increasing community agricultural productivity. One of the ways the government does is to provide various assistance to the community and provide subsidies to farmers. In addition, the government also budgets subsidies for the poor. Especially in the current pandemic, the government provides various subsidies so that public consumption does not decrease.
Not only that, the government is also trying to overcome the problem of malnutrition in school-age children. This policy is carried out in collaboration with the government with various strategic parties to increase food security capacity. The target for nutrition improvement is also expanded, not only for children, but also for teenagers and adults. Various efforts have been made by the government, especially during this pandemic, in order to reduce the level of hunger and death in Indonesia.
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