In accordance with UN explanations about the SDGs’ (Sustainable Development Goals) number 6, clean water and sanitation: “As a basic human need, clean water should be easily obtained by everyone. There is enough fresh water on the earth to achieve this goal. However, due to poor infrastructure, investment and planning, millions of people-most of them children-die every year from diseases related to inadequate water supply, sanitation and personal hygiene. “

The United Nation has characterized about 8 targets and 11 indicators for SGDs’ goal number 6. The targets determined the goals and indicators serve the metrics to achieve the targets. Here are the targets and goals which quoted by the original source:

Target 6.1: Safe and affordable drinking water. The UN states that by 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all.

Target 6.2: End open defecation and provide access to sanitation and hygiene. The UN states that by 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.

Target 6.3: Improve water quality, wastewater treatment and safe reuse. The UN states that by 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, having the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally.

Target 6.4: Increase water-use efficiency and ensure freshwater supplies. The UN states that by 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.

Target 6.5: Implement integrated water resources management. The UN states that by 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate.

Target 6.6: Protect and restore water-related ecosystems. The UN states that by 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes.

Target 6.A: Expand water and sanitation support to developing countries. The UN states that by 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water-and-sanitation-related activities and programs, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies.

Target 6.B: Support local engagement in water and sanitation management. The UN states that support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management.

After we know the detail of SGDs’ goal above, now it’s time for us to know these some smart actions to improve them.

  • Provide health education about the habit of excellent hygiene. Enlightening people how to wash their hand correctly by using soap and water or if it is hard for you to find both of them, you can simply use hand sanitizer. It helps a lot to prevent diarrhea, epidemic, parasitic infection, and any other diseases.
  • Develop the facilities of sanitation such as flush toilets and a pit latrine with slab.
  • Enforce rainwater harvesting. Compiling rainwater from surfaces area of ​​rainwater and then storing it is a practice that has been accomplished by humans for centuries. This way is such an advantageous one to reduce the reliance on municipal water supply systems and supply water in remote rural areas in the locations with no access to conventional water supply.
  • Create smart irrigation controllers. This is a technology that enables owners to create effective water use plans to maintain plant health and use smart devices to remotely control their systems to improve water efficiency or irrigation systems.
  • Maintain home-water treatment capacity by using flocculants or solar disinfection, filters in order to form clean water for drinking water home-free.

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