Good Health: HIV 4 General Epic Facts that Everyone Must Know

Good Health: HIV 4 General Epic Facts that Everyone Must Know

Good health is a branch that is included in Sustainable Development Global or SDG. In achieving SDG 3, universal health coverage will be part of integral to ending poverty and decreasing the number of inequality. The other problem that ought to be solved such as rapid urbanization, climate change to the environment, and those are also along with the continuing spread of the virus as well as other infectious diseases. However, our environment on earth has made big progress since 2000 against several illnesses and death including HIV.

Based on World Health Organization or WHO, nowadays HIV is a manageable condition and people who have been stricken by it have a long and safe life. This is all due to the development of advanced medical treatment, thus, people who contaminated the virus can have good and easy access to healthcare in taking the treatment. In 2019, more than 60 per cent of adults and up to 50 per cent of children were contaminated with the virus.

Within this article, let’s get to know about general epic facts!

Related article: Get to Know Indonesian AID, the International Aid Fund for the Success of SDG No. 17

What is HIV?

Illustration of HIV virus

HIV is the abbreviation of Human Immunodeficiency Virus. CD4 cells are attacking the human immune system and cells. They break the cells, then, make the body’s ability is diminished and fight other diseases and infections. Thus, possible infections and several types of cancer might appear.

Causes of HIV

Several preventions to HIV

HIV spread through body liquid that contains the virus such as in the moist system of our body in genitals namely vaginal fluid, rectal fluid, breast milk, semen, and blood through injection for drugs or transfusions. The saliva cannot transmit this virus, for example, contact through kissing. One common cause of HIV is sexual coition, all the more, people do not use protection for instance condoms or prevention in the form of treatment.

Symptoms of HIV

Example for the symptoms

Based on medicalnewstoday.com, not all people feel about the symptoms, even after years contaminated the virus. In the U.S. 1 out of 7 people do not know that they have already been contaminated. However, around 80 per cent of people experience flu-like symptoms as soon as contaminated with the infection. Early symptoms that can be recognized such as fever, sweating sometimes at night, weakness, a sore throat, joint pain, and even weight loss.

Late-stage of HIV

Illustration of medical treatment

In case, people with HIV do not have a treatment and the virus of HIV increasingly spread, it leads to serious illnesses. Without treatment, a contaminated person can live about 3 years after he/she is diagnosed. Effective treatment can help people with HIV recover faster and help eschew several other infections.

However, people who take other medical treatment whilst doing HIV treatment can control, prevent, and treat serious complications.

Prevention steps

Fight against this fatal illness

In order to end the spread of the virus, we should do prevention actions by doing several precautions such as asking and having relevant vaccinations to cut off the pathogens, using protection while doing sexual activities, identifying the environment that can lead to infection, and pulling to one side of nourishment with an alarmingly risk of contamination namely raw meat, undercooked eggs, and unpasteurized dairy products.

There is an effective and quick step to let people know about these facts by increasing the rate of literacy in reading about HIV include the definitions, facts, myths, symptoms, related diseases or illnesses, and phases of prevention actions. Moreover, day memorials like World AIDS Day also give encouragement to people who are contaminated to feel more supported and motivated to fight against this fatal illness.

As we should remember what A. A. Milne said, “Promise me you will always remember: you are braver than you believe and stronger than you seem, and smarter than you think”.

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