14 Jun Ensuring Health as the Basic Right for All Human Being; SDG 3
It is interesting when all member countries are committed to realizing a healthy lifestyle, accompanied by preventive measures and efficient modern medication regardless of ethnicity, race, religion, and age. This is summarized in the Sustainable Development Goal number 3 “Good Health and Well-Being” is basic right of every person, and if it has poor quality, it will threaten other indicators, such as education, limiting economic opportunities, and increasing poverty.
Referring to the topic of the previous article “NO POVERTY”: HOW INDONESIA ERADICATED CHILD POVERTY IN 2020, poverty can be caused by poor quality of health as well as it is influenced by poverty levels and other aspects, including sanitation, gender equality, climate change, peace and stability.
According to SDG Compass, the challenges that are being faced worldwide regarding access to sexual and reproductive medication, including access to essential medicines and nutrition, and the increasing waste problem also have a negative impact on well-being. All actors, including the private sector, need to partner and provide health care solutions that are suitable for everyone, without exception.
The Sustainable Development Goals do not only focus on the state as the main actor, but also provide space for private actors to support the fulfillment of health worldwide through products and services. Ensuring safety at work, for example, the role of the private sector in providing benefits and access to services can contribute positively to productivity and build good relationships.
The WHO under the UN body strives to achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development agenda and is committed to working with partners around the world. Not only WHO, the United Nations Development Program in Indonesia (UNDP) has made great progress towards some of the main causes of death and disease, namely increasing life expectancy marked by a decrease in maternal and infant mortality, as well as reduced deaths from HIV and malaria. This effort uses universal coverage that is integral in achieving SDG 3.
However, uneven progress experienced between countries or regions hinders the achievement of SDG 3. As a result of this gap, changes in each country will be different, some countries will appear to have impressive changes while many others are still left behind. It is important to recognize that a rights- and gender-based multi-sectoral approach is essential in addressing inequality and providing good medication for all.
Facts and Data
Compiled from UNDP Indonesia:
- There are at least 400 million people who do not have access to basic health services, and 40 percent do not have social protection;
- There are more than 1.6 billion people living in protracted crises without adequate state capacity to support basic health services;
- At the end of 2017, 21.7 million people had received antiretroviral therapy, but 15 million people were still waiting for treatment;
- Every 2 seconds someone dies at the age of 30 to 70 years of infectious disease, cardiovascular disease, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes or cancer;
- About 7 million people die each year from exposure to fine particulate matter in polluted air;
- More than one in every three women experiences physical or sexual violence that results in both short-term and long-term consequences for mental, physical and reproductive.
Either directly or indirectly, SDG 3 is interconnected with other development goals. For example, climate change will have an impact on a person’s well-being condition, or the phenomenon of large-scale urbanization in various parts of the world can also affect the condition of the population; from air pollution.
The Link Between Health and Poverty
Their level are interconnected when they occur together because a person’s well-being will affect his or her productivity. When someone is sick, productivity decreases, so does the income. As for endemic diseases, for example, the cycle of transmission in certain environments is difficult to be eliminated one by one, so it requires an approach to help anticipate and reduce risks by considering interactions with the ecosystem.
However, anticipation and intervention from neighboring countries to overcome the problem of infectious diseases is needed so that the possibility of failure can be minimized.
When looking at the link between infectious diseases and poverty, there are several things that are not linear. First, when infectious diseases occur in poor countries, people with higher incomes are more likely to have access to medication. Second, if the proportion of the population affected by the disease is high, it will affect the lives of other individuals or groups, which in turn will return to lower productivity levels.
Indonesia and SDG 3
Indonesia in realizing the SDG 3 target carries an agenda for reformulation of the concept of development; input, process, output, outcome, and impact. The “Program Indonesia Sehat” is an example of the realization of the SDGs 3 which carries 3 pillars, they are:
Approach with promotive and preventive concepts in health services and establish health as an input to the development process.
Conducted and directed to improve access and quality of services in terms of promotive and preventive with a continuum of care approach and health risk-based interventions.
National Health Insurance
State-guaranteed health services for all native and foreign citizens in Indonesia.