13 Jun 5 Things You Should Know To Prevent Getting Stunting!
What is stunting? How to prevent getting stunting? According to WHO, stunting is a child’s growth and development disorder caused by lack of nutrition, infection, or inadequate stimulation. Stunting is a state of inability to flourish in children under five due to chronic malnutrition, especially in the first 1000 days of life (gestational period up to 2 years).
Stunting condition is indicated by the nutritional status of TB/U or Height according to Age. On September 24, 2015 at the Official Side Event with the theme of Nutrition and Nutrition Security at the 70th United Nations General Assembly in New York. Nila Moeloek conveyed that the burden of malnutrition and overnutrition should be seen as a development challenge.
Ertharin Cousin added, Although financial development keeps on happening, cases such as stunting are as yet a major issue for most nations on the planet. Malnutrition is still a major public health problem in the 21st century.
WHO data records that there are 162 million children under five with stunting worldwide, of which 56% are from Asia. Indonesia is even included in the top five countries with the highest stunting prevalence in Asia-Africa. Therefore, many challenges will be faced to achieve the Zero Hunger Goals by 2030.
According to the 2018 Riskesdas results, the number of stunting sufferers in Indonesia continues to decline. But stunting prevention steps really need to be done. How to prevent getting stunting? Here’s some of the information according to Kemkes Indonesia.
- Meet nutritional needs since pregnancy
A relatively effective action to prevent stunting in children is to always fulfill nutrition since pregnancy. The Indonesian Millennium Challenge Account health agency recommends that pregnant women always eat healthy and nutritious foods or supplements on doctor’s advice. In addition, women who are undergoing the process of pregnancy should also regularly check their health with a doctor or midwife.
- Exclusive breastfeeding until the baby is 6 months old
Veronika Scherbaum, a nutritionist from the University of Hohenheim, Germany, stated that breast milk has the potential to reduce the chances of stunting in children thanks to its micro and macro nutrients. Therefore, mothers are advised to continue to give exclusive breastfeeding for six months to the baby. Whey protein and colostrum found in mother’s milk are also considered to be able to boost the immune system of babies who are relatively vulnerable.
- Accompany exclusive breastfeeding with healthy complementary foods
When the baby reaches the age of 6 months and over, the mother can already provide complementary foods or complementary foods. In this case, make sure the selected foods can meet the micro and macro nutrients that previously always came from breast milk to prevent stunting. WHO also recommends fortification or addition of nutrients to food. On the other hand, mothers should be careful when determining these additional products. Consult a doctor first.
- Continue to monitor child development
Parents need to continue to monitor their child’s growth and development, especially from the child’s height and weight. Take your little one regularly to the Posyandu or a special clinic for children. That way, it will be easier for the mother to know the early symptoms of the disorder and to treat it.
- Always keep the environment clean
As is known, children are very susceptible to disease, especially if the environment around them is dirty. This factor also indirectly increases the chance of stunting. A study conducted at the Harvard Chan School said diarrhea is the third factor that causes these health problems. While one of the triggers of diarrhea comes from exposure to feces that enter the human body.
Hopefully this information will help mothers prevent stunting and improve the quality of their children’s health.