09 Nov United States of America, The 2nd Largest Country Contributor to Climate Change. What is the Causes and Solutions?
The United States of America is the second largest climate contributor in the world after China. Based on the latest data from the Global Carbon Project, China emits about 10,357 million metric tons per year while the United States emits around 5,414 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions per year. This is followed by India with around 2.274 million which is in third place and Russia with around 1.617 million which ranks fourth.
It is estimated that there are about 133.9 million people in the United States living in areas with unhealthy levels of air pollution, according to the 2018 report from the American Lung Association. This pollution causes various diseases such as asthma, lung cancer, and others because all its major cities are constantly covered in poisonous gray.
Wow, that’s very dangerous. Actually, why did this happen? Is it due to human actions or nature itself? And what should be done to reduce the problem? In order not to be curious, check out the article below!
Climate change is a change in the pattern and intensity of climate elements over a very long period of time. The form of change is related to changes in weather habits or distribution of weather events. One of the main causes of climate change is global warming. The increasing concentration of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere which changes the role of the greenhouse effect itself is the cause of rapid global warming. And of course this does not escape from the human activities.
Either “global warming” or “climate change” can be used because there is no general agreement in scientific, media, or policy documents as to the appropriate term to use to refer to forced anthropogenic change. The impact of this change is in the form of rising sea levels, increasing the number of natural disasters, shifting geographical ranges, and causing ecosystem damage. These impacts will also be felt by all living things, whether humans, animals, plants, or microorganisms.
These changes can occur through interactions between climatic elements for tens to millions of years. Each climate element has an influence on climatic conditions with varying degrees of influence. The effects of climate change can start in urban or district scales to continental areas. External influences such as solar radiation can also trigger this disaster.
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United States of America
USA (United States of America) or US (United States), is a federal constitutional republic consisting of fifty states and a federal district. This country is located in the central part of North America, which is home to forty-eight adjoining states, along with the capital district of Washington, D.C.
The country that earned the nickname “Uncle Sam” is flanked by the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans to the west and east, bordered by Canada (North) and Mexico (South). The other two states, Alaska and Hawaii, are separated from the mainland United States. Alaska is located on the northwestern tip of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and Russia to the west, which are separated by the Bering Strait. While Hawaii is an archipelago located in the Pacific Ocean.
They also have several territories in the Pacific and the Caribbean. With an area of 3.79 million square miles (9.83 million km2) and a population of 315 million people, the United States is the third or fourth largest country in the world, and the third largest by population. The US is one of the most multi-ethnic and multicultural countries in the world. This arose as a result of massive immigration from various parts of the world. The climate and geography is also very diverse and the country is home to a wide variety of species.
Causes of Disasters
The number of online transportation
Nowadays many people use online vehicles or transportations an alternative solution to reduce the number of private vehicles on the highway and reduce the amount of air pollution. The price is affordable and passengers only need to order, sit quietly, and get to their destination, make many people choose to use this option instead of walking or cycling.
However, in fact the proliferation of online vehicles has contributed greatly to increasing the level of pollution. This is based on a study released by scientists from the Union of Concerned Scientist that was shown in the United States. The results of this study show that online vehicles account for 69 percent of climate pollution in the United States such as Uber and Lyft.
The land required for beef production is 28 times larger than the land required for egg, chicken and pork production; as stated in the results of research published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences magazine. Researchers at Bard College in New York, Yale University in Connecticut and the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel also found that breeding cattle requires 11 times more water than for other protein production.
The scientist also state that cow cause more pollution, produce five times more greenhouse gas emissions, and cow dung-derived fertilizers contain six times more nitrogen than other animals. 7% a source of calories in the food usually eaten in the US comes from beef on average worth 10 times more protein sources.
USA Election 2020
In Presidential Election United States (US) this year, exactly 3 November 2020. Key issues that highlighted the voting is a matter of the climate change crisis. Environmental experts and activists assess that the actions taken by the new president, Donald Trump, who going to take over the next four years will have a major impact on preventing the adverse effects of climate change.
During his administration, Donald Trump removed some of his country’s regulations and policies to limit global warming. Internationally, Trump has also pulled the US out of the only global pact that seeks to avoid dangerous warming of the planet, the Paris climate treaty.
Trump even doubts the reasons for climate change. During the last presidential debate, Trump has mistakenly called India and China dirty and claimed to say the US has the cleanest air and water.
As part of the Paris Agreement, rich countries have also pledged to mobilize $100 billion a year in climate finance for developing countries. Since the US withdrew from the agreement, they would not contribute to the funding. This is one of the biggest threats because the US has the science, technology and finance to move forward and “their influence is very important,”. So in the absence of their contribution, the program to reduce emissions sufficiently by 2030 will be difficult to achieve.
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The solution that can be done to overcome this problem
Reduce the use of motorized vehicles.
The first way to prevent the problem is to reduce the use of motorized vehicles, both private and online, so as to minimize emission production. Traveling by bicycle and walking is the best way to overcome this, besides being healthy, it can also reduce fuel consumption and it is free.
If we are going to travel long distances or are forced to drive, we can use public transportation, use shared vehicles such as bicycle sharing services, and use environmentally friendly vehicles such as electric or solar powered vehicles.
Reduce consumption of livestock meat
To maximize the reduction of the burden on the environment, we should reduce consumption of livestock meat and eat more vegetables or being vegans. Increasing livestock for food is a practice that increases greenhouse gas emissions by a fifth, also pollutes water and reduces biodiversity.
Based on data collected during a decade-long study of soil, water for irrigation and fertilizers conducted by the Department of Agriculture, Home Affairs and Department of Energy US. Researchers used data from 2000-2010 to calculate the amount of resources needed to produce edible animal feed for each animal.
As a result, every 10 calories given to chicken and pork equals one calorie consumed by humans. As for cows the number is almost four times higher. Chicken, pork, and eggs products cost the same on average, while beef is always higher. Therefore, we should start changing our lifestyle and consumption.
Contributing to emission reduction programs
US and Donald Trump should rejoin the Paris agreement, contribute to climate finance for developing countries, and return to leading the global fight against climate change. This is because they are also the second country that produces large levels of emissions every year so they have a moral obligation to act.
As predicted by Sri Mulyani, the Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia, who stated that the current climate change situation will affect the world economy by between 4-18% in 2050. The smallest blow, namely 4% of world GDP, will occur if the target of the Paris Agreement is achieved, namely reduce the earth’s temperature by 2 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, the biggest hit, which is 18%, occurs if the earth’s temperature rises by 3 degrees and no real action is taken.
Asia is estimated to be the most affected, where China is predicted to lose 24% of its GDP, the United States (US) follows with a 10% loss of its economy, while the European Union loses 11% of GDP. This economic crisis will happen again if the US does not immediately take part in this war and will eventually endanger its own country.
Both developing and developed countries should work together to support this emission reduction program, because all countries have a contribution in producing emissions every day. We all also have to take care of this earth so that unwanted disasters won’t happen and human life can continue in the future.
Alright, those are some of the reasons why the United States of America can become the 2nd largest country in contributing to climate change and some solutions that the government can take. Hopefully in the future everyone and all countries in the world will be aware of the extraordinary consequences of this climate change, so that we must start changing lifestyles and fighting climate change. Wherever we are, always keep the environment clean, save energy use, and reduce the production of waste and pollution. That’s all from this article and see you next time.