13 Oct Top 5 Countries with Poor Sanitation and Worst Water
Poor sanitation is the initial phase that caused other possible problems to appear. As a result, an unhygienic environment dan bad quality of health will spread easily. All the more, the place itself has a massive population density. This encourages the breed of virus and leads to unpreventable epidemics. Hygiene-related diseases put a stop to absorb the nutrition and other necessary substance that our body needs.
Based on who.int, up to 800.000 people who live in middle to low income has bad opportunities to decease as a result of poor sanitation, hygiene, and unhealthy water. Those causes encourage the death rate of up to 400.000 cases. In fact, children under 5 years old can be prevented if those several reasons are fixed up. Let’s see where the top 5 countries have poor sanitation.
Almost 40 percent of people in Uganda have to take a short journey of about 40 kilometres in order to take water for drinking safely. In Uganda, there are no sanitary services in two decades of increasing population, intensifying population, and growing economy. The lack of water sources leads to diseases that can be contagious evenly.
The second highest population in Africa is in Ethiopia. Around 105 million people live there and half of them are in the lack of clean water that also does not have good access to clean water. Although northern highlands in Ethiopia has plentiful rainfall area, however, it is followed by severe drought. This leads to the urgency of delivering clean water supplies for consumption. Furthermore, people who need good sanitation and clean water almost 80 percent of the total country population. Solar-powered technology might be brought development for pumping water and reliable water service for areas where the electricity have not flowed yet.
Poor hygiene is a result of lacking clean water and poor sanitation, which contributes to a high rate of diseases. In Somalia, mothers and children are the most vulnerable to many types of viruses. Since 2016, over one and a half million people are displaced by establishing matters that are getting worse such as more conflict, prolonged dry periods, and big floods. The possibility of development that ought to be concerned is about constructing rainwater-harvesting dams and this will be effective for helping people for good water condition and proper sanitation.
Unsafe and unhealthy water from rivers and ponds in Angola are consumed by almost one-quarter of Angola’s community. The amount of water might be in a massive quantity, however, that cannot be eaten up. Women and girls are taking water for daily family consumption. They spend many hours per day lifting weighty buckets or jerrycans of muddy and contaminated water. The national government ought to notice this problem and give good access to water such as constructing boreholes and piped water systems. As a result, the women and girls can have a shorter trip and they can have more time to do other activities.
Papua New Guinea
Rural society in remote communities that spread between 600 Aisa-Pacific islands. The inhabitants of Papua New Guinea do not have good knowledge for understanding the basic hygiene activities, they have to combat with lack of clean water and good sanitation. Other problems that ought to be faced are natural disasters such as floods and cyclones that might be given massive disadvantages to destroy infrastructure.
As a human being, if we still have good clean water access and hygienic sanitation, can be considered as the lucky one. Millions of people are not as fortunate as ourselves and many families are struggling for clean water and nice sanitation. Therefore, we ought to be grateful for having good chains of healthy life since it has a big effect on ourselves as well as others.
Like Ann Veneman has been said, “Unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene habits play a major role in child mortality. Bringing basic services to Africa’s women and girls could transform their lives and boost child survival in the region.”