21 Nov Best 3 on Sustainable City Index 2021: Here’s a Smart Way Done by Singapore
Becoming a smart city and a sustainable city must be a dream for many countries. The leader of a country will definitely compete and try to achieve that state. According to the “Cities of the Future” study conducted by EasyPark Group in 2021, the Smart City Index will be released which provides an assessment for cities that have technology and improve sustainability and citizens’ quality of life. Singapore is one of the countries from the Asian region that can occupy the top 3.
The Singapore government has made various efforts to increase innovation. Innovations developed over the last five years to improve mobility and connectivity. These include two underground lines, extended to four MRT lines, a high-speed rail link between Singapore and Malaysia and port relocation. Furthermore, the government also paid attention to social infrastructures such as nursing homes and various hospitals. One of the highlights of this city is its ambition to make at least 80% of all areas green by 2030.
Singapore’s approach to sustainable development city
The first principle set by Singapore is an integrated approach and long-term strategic planning. This is reflected in the determination of Singapore’s vision to become a clean, green city using targeted policy portfolios and strong spatial planning. Previously the country had great challenges regarding air quality levels, as a result of transboundary smog. As time goes by, the Ministry of Environment and Water Resources and the Ministry of National Development plan and innovate for a more livable and long-term Singapore.
According to the GGBP Case Study of Sustainable City Singapore, there are several things that can be improved in this regard, including:
- Carbon Emissions-based Vehicle Scheme to encourage the adoption of low-emission vehicles
- Fuel Economy Labelling Scheme to enable customers to make more informed decisions on their vehicle purchase
- Mandatory Energy Labelling Scheme for household appliances, namely air conditioners and refrigerators in 2008, clothes dryers in 2009, and televisions in 2014
- Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) for refrigerators and air conditioners in 2011, and clothes dryers in 2014
- Tighter MEPS for household air conditioners and refrigerators (2013)
- The Energy Conservation Act, which requires energy-intensive companies in the industry and transport sectors to appoint energy managers, monitor and report their energy use and greenhouse gas emissions, and submit energy efficiency improvement plans
- Reform in fuel mix to make the shift away from fuel oil to natural gas for power generation (about 90 percent of electricity is generated from natural gas
- R&D in innovation of energy technologies, such as at the Energy Innovation Programme Office, the Energy National Innovation Challenge, the Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore, and the Energy Research Institute at the Nanyang Technological University
- Green Building Master Plan, which comprises regulatory requirements for minimum environmental sustainability standards in buildings, the development of green rating tools, incentive schemes, research programs, capability development road maps and outreach efforts, and climate change studies to understand potential effects and impacts on the physical environment of Singapore.
The second principle to create a sustainable development city is forging partnerships. In order to renew the city to be sustainable, it requires cooperation from various stakeholders. First, the government must collaborate with various community organizations to encourage public awareness about the importance of a state that has environmental sustainability.
In addition, the Singapore government also made international requests. Singapore believes that the United Nations as the only universal, inclusive and multilateral forum, is the best place to manage and address global interests. Various efforts must be made such as climate change, transboundary pollution, and environmental degradation. Therefore, Singapore is also active in sharing with other countries about creating sustainable cities. His sharing experience can be seen from hosting the World Cities Summit, Singapore International Water Week and Clean-Enviro Summit Singapore for a decade.
So, Singapore’s success is the use of a comprehensive mix of regulations, financial, demonstration programs, capacity building, and awareness.