20 Oct The use of Affordable and Clean Energy in the world by 2030
In 2015, the United Nations created a movement called the Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs. There are 17 movements in the SDGs and one of the goals of the Sustainable Development Goals is the use of affordable, clean, and eco-friendly energy.
Since the discovery of fossil fuels and energy, mankind has used them in various types or forms of use. However, fuel or energy produced using fossils is not environmentally friendly and even pollutes it.
Without fuel and energy, all human work cannot run. Because of this, humans cannot live in this world. Humans have depended on non-renewable fuels and energies, this causes environmental damage and the consequences that accompany it.
The world’s threat to energy lies not only in scarcity. But climate change is haunting. Due to the use of fuel and energy that is not environmentally friendly, it makes the earth hotter and triggers global warming. This becomes worrying and requires awareness from everyone and various parties.
Currently, renewable energy is an efficient and reliable energy source. Although in some cases the use of renewable energy may cost a lot of money, the benefits generated are very good for the environment and humans in general.
Between 1990 and 2010, the world’s population with access to electricity has increased by 1.7 billion. And as the global population continues to increase, so does the demand for cheap energy. A global economy that relies on fossil fuels causes an increase in greenhouse gas emissions and threatens drastic changes to the world’s climate system. This has an impact not just on one continent but across continents.
However, since the movement in the use of alternative energy sources, in 2011 renewable energy accounted for more than 20 percent of global energy produced. In addition, there are still one in five people in the world who do not have access to sufficient electricity. Due to the ever-increasing demand for energy supplies, there needs to be a substantial development in the production of renewable energy worldwide.
Ensuring easy access to electricity by 2030 means stakeholders must invest in clean energy sources such as solar, wind and heat. Adopting cost-effective standards for a wider range of technologies could also reduce global electricity consumption from buildings and industry by 14 percent.
This means reducing around 1,300 mid-scale power plants. Expanding infrastructure and upgrading technology to provide clean energy sources in all developing countries are important goals that can drive growth and help the environment.
Facts Quoted from United Nations regarding the implementation of Affordable and Clean Energy around the world:
- -More than 10 percent of the world’s population still does not have access to adequate energy.
- -Three million people around the world still rely on energy by burning firewood, charcoal, and animal waste.
- The energy that humans have used so far has contributed to 60 percent of global warming which has an impact on climate change.
- -Indoor air pollution from the use of fuels such as coal or charcoal for household energy caused 4.3 million deaths in 2012, with women and girls accounting for 6 out of 10 deaths.
- -In 2016 the use of renewable energy increased by 17.5 percent from hydropower, wind, and solar-sun energy sources compared to 2012.
- The vision of the United Nations to achieve The Use of Affordable and Clean Energy in 2030 are:
- -Ensure and provide easy access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services by 2030.
- -Substantially increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix by 2030.
- -Expected to double the rate of increase in energy efficiency worldwide by 2030.
- -Enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to research and in clean energy technologies, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies. And encourage investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology worldwide by 2030.
- -Expand infrastructure and improve technology for the supply of renewable and sustainable energy services to all developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States, and developing countries that do not have water areas and in accordance with the respective support programs of the parties concerned by 2030.