26 Aug The Open Defecation Free Movement in Indonesia
Introduction to Open Defecation Free Movement
The term “Open Defecation Free” (ODF) refers to a community in which no one open defecates. The disposal of faeces that do not meet the requirements has a significant impact on the spread of environmental-based diseases, so modifications must be performed on this access to break the chain of transmission. In order for these efforts to be successful, people’s access to safe latrines in all communities must be 100%.
A community is said to be Open Defecation Free if:
- All people have only defecated and disposed of baby faeces in latrines.
- There are no visible traces of human feces in the surrounding environment.
- There is no unpleasant odor as a result of feces/human waste disposal.
- The quality of existing latrines improves, so that everyone uses healthy latrines.
- There is a monitoring system in place to improve the quality of latrines.
- There is the use of sanctions, regulations, or other community efforts to prevent the occurrence of defecation in any location.
- The community has established a general monitoring mechanism to ensure that all households have healthy latrines.
- During school hours, students have access to latrines and hand washing facilities (with soap) in community-based schools.
- Analyzing institutional strengths in the District is critical in order to create effective and efficient institutions and mechanisms for implementing activities that will allow the ODF community to achieve its goals.
Healthy Latrine Requirements
According to Batang Hari District Health Office, the following are factors that made up a healthy latrine:
- It does not contaminate the water.
- When digging a manure pit, try to avoid allowing the bottom of the manhole to reach the maximum groundwater level. If the situation calls for it, the pit’s walls and bottom must be compacted with clay or plastered. It is unusual for manure to enter the well, which is at least 10 meters deep. Because the manhole is located lower than the well, dirty water from the manhole does not seep into and contaminate the well. Do not defecate or throw dirty water into ditches, ponds, lakes, rivers, or the sea.
- Does not pollute the surface of the soil
- Do not defecate in any public place, including gardens, yards, near rivers, near springs, or along the roadside. Latrines that are already full must be sucked up and drained immediately, or the dirt must be piled up in the dug holes.
- When water tank or reservoir is in presence, it should be drained once a week. This is necessary to prevent dengue fever mosquitoes from nesting.
- The latrine room must be well-lit. Mosquitoes must breed in dark places. The floor of the latrine must be tightly plastered so that there are no gaps that can harbor cockroaches or other insects. The latrine floor must always be clean and dry.
- It has no odor and is easy to use.
- Safe to use.
- In landslide-prone soils, reinforcement on the manhole walls with a pair of bricks, woven bamboo sleeves, or other locally available reinforcing materials is required.
- It is simple to clean and does not irritate the person utilizing it.
- The latrine floor is flat and sloping towards the drain hole. Plastic, cigarette butts, and other objects should not be thrown down the drain because they can clog it. Laundry water should not be drained into the drain or sewage hole because the latrine will quickly fill up. A dead angle should not be used to connect the flow. Use a pipe with a minimum diameter of 4 inches. The pipe should be laid with a minimum slope of 2:100.
- Do not promote disrespectful sightings..
- There must be a wall and a door in the latrine. It is recommended that the latrine building have a roof to protect the user from rain and heat.
The Movement in Indonesia
The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) institution is assisting the Ministry of Health in encouraging and accelerating the realization of Open Defecation Free communities and villages. The World Bank created the SMART Community-Based Total Sanitation application to improve interaction among Community-Based Total Sanitation stakeholders in surveillance and program management. Applications that are directly linked to the National Community-Based Total Sanitation database are expected to encourage control and monitoring functions, allowing for more efficient program reporting.
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