The Harmful Water Pollution in India: 80% of the Entire Water are Extremely Filthy

The Harmful Water Pollution in India: 80% of the Entire Water are Extremely Filthy

The water pollution in India has reached a certain level where it’s so filthy, it became harmful and concerning. We apologize in advance, but the environment of India is remarkably filthy, even by the standard of poor developing countries. Even those who live there can’t deny it, lakes and rivers are severely poisoned with urban and chemical influence, while the air in most of the cities, is polluted well beyond the severe level prescribed. This article will reveal just how severe is the water pollution in India, why does it happen, and how did India react?

The Harmful Water Pollution in India

Around 80% of India’s entire water is severely polluted, due to the people who neglect the cleanliness of the water. The water pollution in India has led to the water being undrinkable and the population having to rely on illegal and expensive sources. Apparently, Indian household is contributing to this horrible pollution by dumping raw sewage, silt and garbage into the country’s rivers and lakes. For a more detailed causes of this pollution, there are: increased urbanization, unauthorized slums and the absence of pipe planning.

Because of the three factors above, the people does things that worsen the water pollution in India, such as oil leaks, inadequate treatment of waste, poor sanitation and open defecation. From the 80% of the polluted water, around 70% of it goes untreated and each day, more than 40 million liters of wastewater flows directly into India’s lakes, rivers and ocean. Eventually, the polluted water can also enters and contaminate the clean groundwater, and because of this, proper waste management and sewage pollution cannot occur.

Indian man and the water pollution in India

Photo is taken from: Business - Insider
Indian man and the water pollution in India
Photo is taken from: Business – Insider

The water pollution in India can also make agriculture even harder, as the crops are unable to grow because of the infectious bacteria and disease in the water. So far, the water pollution in India harms people’s health and food security, but later on it also contributes to the decrease in India’s GDP and economic stagnation. When water pollution in India exceeds a certain limit, GDP growth reduce by one-third and agricultural revenues lower by 9% in the districts that are close to industrial territories, leads to a loss of $80 billion annually.

What it Does to the People

India has more than 1.2 billion people, and about 30% of its population lives on less than $1.25 a day. The water pollution in India which is caused by the poor infrastructure and absence of sewage control has poorly affect people’s health. 38 million of Indians suffer from waterborne diseases like typhoid, cholera and hepatitis every year, and over the last decade, the frequency of these illnesses remained at the same level. Worldwide, waterborne diseases cause more deaths than AIDS, tuberculosis and measles combined in children under 5-years-old.

To know more about waterborne diseases, perhaps you can read:

That statement is getting more believable as more than 1.5 million Indian children died from diarrhea each year. This terrible water pollution in India might force some of it’s people to live a hard life as experts predict that 40% of the entire population may not have a connection to a clean water source by 2030, and by the same year, 600 million Indians might live in slums due to the ever-growing population. Considering the two predictions, infamous business owners will hold septic tanks that illegally sell water from lakes, wells and groundwater.

Indian refers these business owners as “Tanker Mafias”, who will charge clean water at around $50 per 1,000 liters, and it is not affordable for most Indians. Those who can’t pay the price might have to utilize anything they had, contaminated water that damage human digestive system. Moreover, it is estimated that the healthcare costs to treat waterborne diseases are almost $9 billion per year. The excessive water pollution in India is a threat to biodiversity and human communities, as well as a threat to economic progress and sustainability of human lives.

What the People Might Do About It

Of course, the country did not put a blind eye to the massive water pollution in India, they are taking several steps to rebalance the quality of its water source. There is flocculation, which is a process by which a chemical coagulant added to the water and acts to facilitate bonding between particles. One can also reuse industrial water, like the contributions that local Indian startups are making. For example, a water company quartered in Chennai called “VA Tech Wabag” has built numerous water reuse plants all across India.

As of 2020, VA Tech Wabag contribute immensely to the production of more than 18 million cubic meters of clean water every day, enabling more than 112 million people to have access to clean water. The company also specifically focused on installing water treatment plan in Panjrapur, Maharashtra, through implementing a combination of techniques like flocculation, skimming and filtration. Flocculation is crucial to reduce the turbidity (the haziness of a fluid) and particles in the water, which can cause E. Coli, dysentery, cholera and salmonella.

Water waste treatment plant, as an effort to fix water pollution in India

Photo is taken from: Indian Infrastructure Magazine
Water waste treatment plant, as an effort to fix water pollution in India
Photo is taken from: Indian Infrastructure Magazine

Beside startup companies and government, two former engineering students at St. Joseph’s College of Engineering and Technology in Pala, India, has invented a water filter that costs less than a dollar, their names are Anto P. Biju and Thomas Cyriac. A water filter made out of organic product and smaller than the size of an index finger, capable of filtering dangerous microorganisms that couse waterborne diseases. Hope all those efforts would be a good start to fix water pollution in India and restore the quality of water in India.

If you want to know more about this water purifying device, you can read: Engineering students develop low-cost water-purifier, cartridge costs just Rs. 60


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