26 Nov 5 Simple Actions We Can Do To Save Ecosystems
Ecosystem is a geographic area where plants, animals, and other organisms, as well as weather and landscapes, work together to form a bubble of life.
According to the 15th global goals of SDG (Sustainable Development) to protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forest, combat desertification, and halt and reserve land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
We are all part of the planet’s ecosystem and we have caused severe damage to it through deforestation, loss of natural habitats and land degradation. Promoting a sustainable use of our ecosystems and preserving biodiversity is not a cause. It is the key to our own survival.
Types of Ecosystems
There are four types of ecosystem which are classified as; artificial, terrestrial, lentic and lotic.
Although artificial ecosystems can be included on land, land, and oceans, some people believe that it is important for environmentalists to check artificial systems. For example, man-made systems include areas as large as beaches and forests, and areas as small as terrariums. Sometimes they are used to supplement the environment, sometimes they are used to help environmentalists learn. For example, Biodomes is a closed artificial ecosystem created for biological research.
Terrestrial ecosystems refer to land systems such as forests, deserts, grasslands, tundra and coastal areas. Depending on the climate of the biome, multiple terrestrial ecosystems can exist. For example, because of the lower temperature, the plant life of the tundra is shorter; because of the higher temperature, the desert produces fewer plants. Forests or grasslands may have extremely diverse plants because their biomes have sufficient sunlight and water for the growth of many ecosystems and species.
In most cases, static water ecosystems are described as static freshwater bodies, which are smaller ecosystems. Some still water ecosystems contain animals and microorganisms, but they mainly rely on photosynthesis of algae and underwater plants to generate energy to thrive. One of the requirements of static water bodies is to expose them to sunlight to promote photosynthesis.
Lotic ecosystems are similar to lentic because they are part of aquatic aquatic species, and the life they support is similar to life in lentic ecosystems. The rapids system is moving the body of water that flows to other bodies of water and eventually to the ocean. These systems can include springs, rivers and streams, or any body of water that flows to waters or oceans similar to the ocean. Unlike lentic, the lotic system does not rely on photosynthesis to thrive, and can include fresh and salty water bodies, such as estuaries where fresh water mixes into saltwater streams.
The followings below are the purposes of ecosystems:
- It rounds the minerals through the biosphere.
- It controls a balance among the various trophic levels in the ecosystem.
- It manages the essential ecological processes, supports life systems and renders stability.
- It is also culpable for the cycling of nutrients between biotic and abiotic components.
What Makes Ecosystems’ Good?
A good ecosystem consists of native plants and animal species interacting with each other and the environment. A healthy ecosystem has an energy source and the decomposers that break down dead plants and animal matter, returning essential nutrients to the soil.
Actions We Can Do To Save Ecosystems
- Preserve Energy
Unless you intend to live completely off the grid, you will need to use electricity. Develop simple habits, such as turning off lights and electrical appliances when not in use, and these habits will accumulate. In winter, you can add an extra blanket on the bed at night and close the doors of unused rooms to reduce the need for heaters. When buying electrical appliances, choose energy-saving models.
- Save Water
Water is an important commodity in every ecosystem. Did you know that leaving the faucet on while brushing your teeth consumes about 5 gallons of water? You can save water by doing things every day, such as turning off the faucet when brushing your teeth, fixing leaking faucets, shortening the shower time, and watering the plants with the cooling water used to cook vegetables instead of pouring it into the drain.
- Use Eco-friendly Products
Buy products that do not use harmful chemicals in the manufacturing process or in the actual product. Environmentally friendly personal hygiene products and cosmetics have an additional benefit, that is, they are good for your health, because the skin is the largest organ of the human body and has a strong absorbency. In addition, help reduce landfill waste and excess waste by choosing reusable items instead of disposable items.
- Do Recycling
Recycle an item and reuse it for its intended purpose or break it down into basic materials for reuse. Recyclable packaging is a better option than disposable packaging that will eventually be landfilled, but the effectiveness of recycling depends on local facilities. You can also recycle the packaging yourself. For example, clean the jars and fill them with your own salad dressing or preserves or preservation boxes in case you need to send gifts to friends from time to time.
- Start Composting
Composting organic matter can reduce waste in landfills and create healthy soil to feed your garden. You can use many simple synthesis systems in your home, including bokashi bins, worm farms, and compost drums. If you don’t have a green thumb or garden, look for a local roadside or drop-off composting plan.