18 Oct Save Energy, Here Are 5 Low Carbon Buildings Around the World
Low Carbon Buildings
Low Carbon Buildings are buildings designed and constructed to release very little or no carbon at all during their lifetime. Because buildings are liable for 38% of all human Greenhouse Gases (GHG) outflows by 20% private, 18% commercial. It is the modern area which contributes the most to a dangerous atmospheric deviation (U.S. EPA. 2008). But as indicated by the Intergovernmental Board on Environmental Change (IPCC), it is additionally the area which presents the most savvy openings for GHG reductions.(IPCC. 2007).
Low Carbon Buildings (LCB) are structures which are explicitly designed considering GHG decrease. So by definition, a Low Carbon Building is a structure which discharges essentially less GHG than ordinary structures.
There is no outflows edge under which a structure would qualify as a Low Carbon Building. However, to be truly “Environmental Change nonpartisan”, a Low carbon building would need to accomplish basically 80% GHG decrease contrasted with conventional structures. As per the Harsh Audit on the Financial matters of Environmental Change, our discharges would need to be decreased by 80% contrasted with current levels all together not to surpass the World’s innate ability to eliminate GHG from the climate.
By examination, a standard structure discharges around 5,000 kgCO2e/m2 during its whole lifetime (however it fluctuates a great deal, contingent upon the task type and where it is found).
Here are five famous examples of Low Carbon Buildings from around the world. Will your country be included? Let’s find out!
1. Singapore – SDE4 at National University in Singapore
The building is inspired by a simple Malay wooden house in the same area. Elevated platform and loose space division that allows continuous cross ventilation. SDE4 is Singapore’s first zero energy building. Covered in photovoltaic panels, the building has an energy generation capacity of 500 megawatts per hour and more than half of the building is open to the environment and naturally ventilated. In classrooms that require cooling, use a hybrid cooling system coupled with a ceiling fan. Thus reducing energy use by around 36%-56% compared to conventional buildings in Singapore.
The west facade of the building is highly responsive programmed to track the movement of the sun. In winter, the recycled wood shutters open to let light in. Then, during the peak of the afternoon sun in winter, the shutters are closed.
2. United States – Bullitt Center, Seattle, Washington
The building was designed by the Miller Hull Partnership with the ambitious goal of becoming the world’s most sustainable commercial building. The coplanar canopy roof houses 575 photovoltaic panels that generate 230 megawatts of energy per hour annually. The core structure of the building was built to last 250 years, not the 40-50 year standard for contemporary commercial buildings. Given the amount of carbon they contain, buildings that survive are the most sustainable. The Bullitt Center has stored 600 tons of carbon dioxide in its structural wood frame and uses only 25 percent of the energy used in conventional buildings in Seattle.
3. United Arab Emirates – The Sustainable City, Dubai
This 114-hectare low-carbon development created by Diamond Developers is home to 3,000 people from 64 countries. The developer takes a holistic approach to the sustainability aspect. Designing communities that can produce their own food, conserve and reuse water, while meeting 87 percent of their energy use. Through photovoltaic roofs combined with energy efficiency measures.
Solar panels in both homes and common spaces generate 1.7 gigawatts per hour of renewable energy annually. The entire development is estimated to offset about 8,500 tons of carbon dioxide annually.
4. United Kingdom – Zero Carbon House, Birmingham
Architect John Christophers turned his own home into one of the UK’s most sustainable homes. He incorporated a contemporary concept covered in photovoltaic panels and a solar water heater to the side of the original two bedroom house built in the 1840s.
Then line the entire structure with a membrane that stops air and heat from escaping, and incorporate the earthen floor pulled from the house’s foundation mixed with red clay. This house now has positive energy by creating more energy than it uses.
This has resulted in a net reduction of 1,300 pounds or 660 kg of CO2 per year, compared to the pre-renovation estimate of emissions.
5. Australia – Council House 2, Melbourne
The building covering an area of 12,450 square meters is a government office building. Designed by architect Mick Pearce and Australian architectural firm DesignInc to function like an environmental ecosystem. Compared to conventional Melbourne office buildings, this building has reduced greenhouse gas emissions by up to 87% and reduced energy and water use by up to 60%.
The five buildings above can be an inspiration for our country to innovate by saving energy and also protecting the earth. Which building design do you like the most?