04 Oct Zero Hunger: Heads to a hunger-free world by 2030
What is it, Zero Hunger?
2015 was the first time an idea or movement for the 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development was introduced. One of them is, Zero Hunger. Where this idea aims to improve the living standards of the world’s citizens by 2030. This idea aims to create a world free of hunger, food security, and improve health and food sustainability in the future.
As we know that hunger has become a frightening specter and worries many people in the world. Since the 1900s, the world has experienced hunger in various regions. According to the World Food Programme or WFP, about eight hundred and eleven 811 million people around the world experience hunger at least a day. In 2019, more than 55 countries in the world must experience food shortages that cause malnutrition, especially in children.
The challenges that must be faced today are certainly not just ‘hungers’, factors such as health, limited access, human resources, to poverty, are serious challenges to overcome world hunger. It is not as easy as turning the palm of the hand, towards a world free of hunger in 2030 is a problem that must be solved together.
The importance of education and human resource development in areas affected by hunger is significant. Efforts must be made by the authorities and those who have the authority to prevent hunger in the current and future years. And it is undeniable also to the volunteers and many people to contribute to realizing zero hunger.
For example, such as the World Food Programme or WFP, they continue to collaborate with various related parties to be able to create a world free of hunger in 2030. By continuously improving the quality of human resources, food security, and socializing education so that hunger-free problems can be resolved and will not be repeated.
Even though the world has experienced a decline in hunger for decades, we must not be careless. As of 2015 hunger has decreased every year and it is estimated that only 8.9 percent of the world’s population is still hungry. This should not be allowed, because if the root of the problem is still not found, then the world will be free from hunger in 2030 will not be achieved.
How to make a Zero Hunger world?
Changes and improvements in the food sector such as agriculture must be carried out immediately so that food security is maintained. Because with this it will be a benchmark to prevent the recurrence of food shortages and reduce the hungry population in the world. If left unchecked, the more than 600 million population in the world currently experiencing hunger will continue to increase until the year 2050. The estimated number of hungry people is predominantly on the African continent. Even the numbers would increase if Zero Hunger didn’t move. Even for the Asian continent, hungry people can still be found. What if we all didn’t make this Zero Hunger breakthrough massively?
The following are some facts from the United Nations regarding hunger and food shortages that are currently still happening in several parts of the world.
- In 2019, nearly 800 million of the world’s population, a ratio of one in ten, experienced food shortages or even hunger.
- More than 2 billion people in the world find it difficult to get adequate and healthy food facilities.
- Children aged five years are experiencing malnutrition and stunting. With a number that is not small, nearly around 140 million children.
- If these things were left without any significant Zero Hunger movement and campaign from all of us, then World Free of Hunger in 2030 wouldn’t happen.
The vision of the World Food Programme or WFP in overcoming world hunger to achieve Zero Hunger is 5.
Reach the nearest goals first
For Zero Hunger’s goals to be achieved, governments and social organizations must work together to protect the most affected communities. Such as providing a job and helping the local economy. This method is carried out so that the development of economic investment can increase and make it a good way to start other opportunities for growth in the living standards of the affected people.
Making easy access to food production and marketing
An easy access so that the process of distributing food and supplying raw materials can be fulfilled for the affected population. In order to achieve this success, it is necessary to develop adequate access infrastructure such as roads, electricity, and human resources.
No food waste
In developed countries, food waste is often found that is like normal thing. The food that is still decent, it is usually thrown away because these countries do not experience food shortages. If in developing countries food waste occurs due to lack or poor access to food mobility which causes food to be damaged or lost. In fact, every year food waste costs more than US $ 1 trillion to the global economy.
Creating sustainable comestibles
Together we must empower farmers to provide sustainable food. Currently, more than 50 percent of the calories consumed by the world’s population are rice, wheat, corn, and soy. In order to maintain and deal with the climate change that hit, there must be an empowerment and campaign about the variety of these foodstuffs.
Maintaining the quality and health of food for children aged 1000 days
For the prevention of stunting and malnutrition, the health development of children aged 1000 days is very important. To maintain the health of both mother and child, it must also be seen from how the food has adequate nutrition and nutritional value.