07 Oct Giant Panda Population Raised Expeditiously by 1,8 Thousand in China, What is The Secret Steps Taken by The Government?
Community – One of the animals that has been protected for a long time, namely the species of the Big Panda or the Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in China, now its existence is not threatened with extinction. Reported from CNN, which states that the Giant Panda population in the wild of China has increased to reach 1.8 population because the Government of the People’s Republic of China (RRC) launched several programs to achieve their goals.
50 years have been spent by the government to try to increase the population by monitoring the presence of this black and white patterned animal in several mountains scattered in China.
However, before we discuss the ways that have been done by them, let’s take a peek at some profile regarding China and the panda itself first.
Profile of the People’s Republic of China (RRC)
The People’s Republic of China or commonly referred to as China, is one of the countries located on the East Asian continent with the largest population in the world around 1,412,430,000 and a land area of 9.59 million square kilometers which makes it the 3rd country largest in the world. This country is known as the country of bamboo curtains in the eyes of the world. Curious why they got the nickname? Check out the following unique facts.
China was nicknamed as “The Bamboo Curtain Country” due to the large number of these plants that grow in various regions of the country. Bamboo is also the main food for pandas, a typical Chinese animal. In addition, Chinese bamboo is famous for its good quality so it is not easily broken. Like curtains, bamboo grows in clusters and covers something. This meaning is in accordance with RRC’s political philosophy which adheres to socialist understanding where they cover certain things very tightly, including scandals involving important people in the country.
Giant Panda Profile
A. The origin of the Giant Panda
Giant Panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) is a mammals classified into the family bears (Ursidae), which are native animals China Central. The Giant Panda lives in mountainous areas, such as Sichuan dan Tibetan. At half the last 20th century , pandas became a kind of RRC state symbol and now showing on the gold coin country’s. In its home country, this large animal has the Chinese name xiong mao (熊猫) xiong mao which means “cat–bear,”. They are named as panda in the West because it is similar to Red Panda.
Species Panda is an omnivorous animal because the food consumed is mostly in the form of plants such as bamboo, eggs, and insects as a source of protein, although taxonomically it is classified as a carnivore.
The Giant Panda has a kinship with the Red Panda, due to their habit of eating bamboo, so they are given a similar name. Before it was decided that they had a relationship in 1901, the giant panda was known as the double colored bear.
The taxonomic classification of these two animals has been debated for a long time because they have characteristics such as bears and raccoons. However, the data obtained from the results of genetic testing proves that the Giant Panda is a bear (Ursidae) with its close relative the Spectacled Bear in America. Because the results of this test, the classification of the red panda becomes moot if entered into the bear family or the raccoon family (Procyonidae.)
Continue to implement population increase programs, even though the Giant Panda has been considered “safe” since 2016
In 2016, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), has stated that the Giant Panda population is actually in the “safe” category or is not endangered. However, it was opposed by the Chinese government, because they claimed that the current populace of the animal is still not enough to enter into the category of “safe”
Reporting from Suara.com, who wrote that the Director of the Department of Natural Ecology Protection of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, Cui Shuhong , said that “This species is still categorized as vulnerable, therefore China has created a relatively complete nature reserve system. All of these ecosystem sites have been systematically and fully protected, and wildlife habitats have been effectively enhanced.”
Not only at this time, the Government of the Bamboo Curtain country has actually been carrying out a campaign to increase the number of Giant Pandas since the 1970s with the aim of overcoming the loss of habitat for animals. They also created a specially designed nature reserve in the area where Panda’s main food source is located, namely bamboo.
Efforts to Increase the Giant Panda’s Population by the Chinese Government
In RRC, these large-bodied animals are known as umbrella species. Umbrella species means that if this species is protected, it will also help protect other species and the ecosystem can become bigger – as experts believe-. So that China also announced that it would allocate a land area of 16.8 thousand km2 for conservation in 2017.
Even though this effort to increase population is known by the Government it will sacrifice the number of carnivorous species because data in the field in recent years shows a sharp decline in the carnivorous populace in China. However, the government of the bamboo curtain country continues to carry out its program.
Due to the decline in the population of these carnivorous animals, it is considered that the balance of the wider ecosystem is in danger. This statement was also released by a joint China-US team in a study last year.
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Release of Giant Panda in Jiangxi Province, RRC
Reporting from Shanghaist.com, in 2017, as many as 172,000 residents of Sinchuan, Gansu and Shaanxi Provinces were relocated. This is part of the Panda conservation efforts as the relocation is “one of the important steps taken by the China’s government to completely redesign the national park.”
This bamboo curtain country also plans to create as many as 20 national parks spread over several areas in the next 5 year plan. To start realizing its goals, the Chinese government through the media announced that it would develop 4 national parks that protect 5 types of animals, namely Pandas, Asian elephants, Tibetan antelopes, and tigers and leopards.
Then the release of the panda to a nature reserve in Jiangxi Province, RRC, was first carried out in 2019. Where the nature reserve has an ecosystem with a well-maintained environment, a cool climate so that pandas don’t feel hot easily, have abundant bamboo resources, and minimal intervention by human. By looking at the conditions offered by the nature reserve, this action is considered good for the panda’s survival.