5 Huge Effects Caused by Water Pollution


5 Huge Effects Caused by Water Pollution

Pollution is an addition of materials which are destructive materials into environment. Some of those destructive materials often called pollutants.

Pollutants may created by human activity. For example, drainage which produced by factories and garbage. They also come from natural, such as volcanic ash.

Pollution’s Types

  • Air

When the air is polluted by other elements (such as toxic gases or particles), it can cause serious problems to human health. The most common causes of air pollution include partially burned exhaust gas, industrial by-products of toxic gases, including sulfur dioxide and carbon monoxide, and carcinogenic gases released by burning plastic, rubber, and wood.

  • Water

Since all living things depend on water for survival, water pollution often affects all levels of the ecosystem, including human health. Common causes of water pollution include industrial waste, pesticides, pesticides, fertilizers, detergents, and oil spills. 

  • Thermal

Many industries release heat energy as a by-product. Once released into the environment, this heat energy will partly lead to global warming. The manufacturing industry releases heat energy into the air and water.

  • Soil

Many chemical agents deprive the soil of nutrients and fertility. Common causes of soil pollution include pesticides, pesticides, pesticides, industrial waste, and radioactive waste.

  • Light

Excessive, abrupt and misleading use of light in human settlements and industries can lead to it. It is defined as the alteration of natural light levels in indoor and outdoor environments through human interference.

  • Noise

It refers to the release of excessive unpleasant sounds from industry, infrastructure, heavy machinery, transportation and even human occupations into the environment. 

  • Radioactive

When radioactive metals decompose, they release beta rays, which can cause a series of mutations in the organism, which is called radioactive contamination.

Water Pollution

Water pollution can be implied as the contamination of a lake, river, stream, ocean or any other stretch of water, depleting water quality and making it toxic for the human and environment. There are two types: Organic and chemical.

Effects for Water Quality

  • Organic Pollution

Oxygen is the basic requirement of almost all aquatic organisms. If there is not enough oxygen in the water, aquatic life will be adversely affected.

Typical sources of organic pollution are sewage from household and animal sources, industrial waste from food processing, paper mills, tanneries, wineries, sugar industries, and other agricultural industries.

  • Health Aspects

Drinking contaminated water is the main cause of poor health in India. Contaminated water can cause fatal diseases such as cholera, dysentery, diarrhea, tuberculosis, jaundice, etc. About 80% of stomach problems in India are caused by contaminated water.

  • High Dissolved Solids (TDS)

Water is the best solvent and can dissolve many substances in contact with it. Higher amounts of dissolved solids may cause damage to human physiological processes.

Dissolved solids are an important feature of irrigation. This is due to the accumulation of dissolved solids on the ground leading to soil salinization.

  • Nutrients

Water supports aquatic life because it contains nutrients. The main focus here is on fertilizing chemicals such as nitrates and phosphates. Although these are important for plant growth, too much nutrients can lead to excess plant life and may cause environmental damage.

This can happen either in the form of algae at the micro level, or in the form of aquatic plants at the macro level.

  • Toxic Pollutants

Toxic pollutants mainly include heavy metals, pesticides and other individual exogenous pollutants. The ability of water bodies to support aquatic organisms and their suitability for other uses depends on many trace elements.

Some metals, such as trace amounts of manganese, zinc and copper, are important to life because they help and regulate many physiological functions of the body. However, some metals can cause serious toxicological effects on human health and aquatic ecosystems.


  • Air pollution avoidance

It has a direct impact on water pollution, because 25% of man-made carbon dioxide emissions are absorbed by the ocean. This pollution causes our oceans to rapidly acidify and threatens marine life and corals.

Preventing air pollution is the best way to prevent this from happening.

  • Agriculture

Globally, agriculture accounts for 70% of water resources, so growing climate-friendly crops, efficient irrigation that reduces water demand, and energy-efficient food production are essential.

Agriculture is also essential for restricting chemicals entering the water.

  • Storm water control

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), rainwater control is an effort to reduce the flow of rainwater or melted snow into streets, lawns, and other places, and to improve water quality.

It is important to avoid pollutants from polluting the water and help to use the water more efficiently.

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