03 Dec Top 5 Countries with the Best Sanitation in Worldwide 2020
Sanitation and hygiene are essential to health, survival and development. Many countries face the challenge of providing adequate sanitation for their entire population, putting people at risk for water, sanitation, and personal hygiene (WASH) related diseases.
Worldwide, an estimated 2.4 billion people lack basic sanitation facilities (more than 32% of the world’s population). It has also been described as the ability to use facilities for the safe disposal of human waste (feces and urine), as well as the ability to maintain its conditions through services such as garbage collection, industrial/hazardous waste management, and wastewater treatment.
There are four basic sanitation which are assure hygiene separation of human excreta from human contact.
- Fertilizing toilet
- Pit latrine with slab
- Pour-flash toilet to a piped sewer system
- Ventilated advanced pit latrine
- Identification equipment breakdown
Before starting the cleaning procedure, the equipment should be disassembled and inspected to identify any areas that require special attention and select the application methods and chemicals to be used.
Although factories usually have selection criteria, it is also important to determine whether there are any extenuating conditions that may require additional cleaning or sanitation, different detergents or disinfectants, or other changes.
- Sweep and Flush
The first step in cleaning and hygiene is to physically remove coarse solids and large particles. This may include using brooms and scrapers or simply physically lifting and handling items. The more food residues removed in advance, the cleaner the washing water.
This is usually followed by rinsing or rinsing the surface to remove as much solids and particles as possible before cleaning. The second step of cleaning is to use detergent. This can be applied manually.
After washing, rinse with drinking water to ensure that all detergent is removed. The rinsing step is critical because detergent residues will neutralize many disinfectants.
As Parker explained: detergents are alkaline, while most disinfectants are acidic; detergents are negatively charged, and most disinfectants are positively charged. Once the surface is verified as “clean”, the disinfection step begins.
A variety of applications can be used to disinfect the processing environment, from heating to chemical disinfectants. “In the food and beverage industry, four to five general types of hard-surface sanitation facilities may be used,” Parker said.
- Sanitize with air dry
Sanitizers appear in two forms: leave on and rinse off. Same like detergents, rinse-off sanitizers should be completely rinsed from surfaces prior to operational start-up, and label directions should be followed for dry time for leave-on sanitizers.
Confirmation should be aimed through both protein swabs and visual inspection. Furthermore, MDA advises that all cleaning and sanitizing procedures be frequently monitored for effectiveness, through pre-operational inspections or audits and microbial sampling of the environment and food-contact surfaces. Confirmation criteria should include that no visible residue be present and micro counts be within acceptable limits.
Why It Is Essential?
Sanitation is another very important aspect. Many of the common diseases mentioned above, such as roundworms, are spread through the feces of infected persons.
By ensuring that people do not defecate in the open, we can completely eliminate such diseases, and even more serious diseases caused by E. coli.
List of Countries With The Best Sanitation
About 32 performance indicators across 11 categories related to two overarching policy objectives: ecosystem vitality and environmental health are calculated by The Environmental Performance. These categories include air quality, water and sanitation, biodiversity and habitat, and sustainability.
The total score of EPI is 82,5. In 2020, Denmark is the cleanest and environmentally good country. The categories include: wastewater treatment (100), waste management (99,8), and species protection index (100).
Luxembourg score is 82,3, including the scores of sanitation (100), drinking water (97,7), and also pollution emissions (100).
As the third cleanest country with overall score of 81,5, including these categories such as sanitation (100), drinking water (100), and species protection index.
- United Kingdom
UK has the perfect scores for sanitation, pollution emission, and drinking water, receiving an EPI OF 81,3.
In 2020, France reach the fifth position of cleanest country.