13 Oct The Importance of 0.003% Clean Water to Provide Life for The Human Population
Clean water in Indonesia is still problematic, seen from the availability and access to health insurance. The increase in population is increasing from year to year, making the need for water also increases. This causes the availability of clean water to decrease. The state of water on the earth’s surface, 97.5% of water is saltwater that can’t be consumed. Only 2.5% of fresh water and only 0.003% can be consumed because most of the water is in the form of ice and snow.
According to BPS data in 2019, 89% of people in Indonesia already have access to safe and protected drinking water. However, based on 2019 national project data based on UNICEF studies and BPS data, only 6.9% of drinking water sources in the community are categorized as safe for consumption. Even though there are still people who use water sources from protected wells.
This article will discuss the important role of clean water, the impact of using inadequate water, and how to maintain clean water. Here we go!
The importance of clean water
Polluted water not only has an impact on the dark and dirty color of the water, but can also cause various diseases. In 2016, drinking water pollution in the DKI Jakarta area caused the number of infectious diseases in Jakarta. In fact, 12 deaths from diseases related to water consumption. Based on a survey by the Center for Environmental Health Engineering and the Eradication of Infectious Diseases, the Ministry of Health, clear water samples from DKI Jakarta, Bekasi City, and Bogor Regency were contaminated with coliform bacteria.
Many benefits are obtained from fresh water, such as daily human activities for cleaning themselves, cleaning tools and food ingredients. In addition, clean water can also be used to maintain environmental ecosystems such as: trapping flood water, replenishing groundwater supplies, filtering pollution, providing habitat for fish and wildlife. The use of clean water can also be used for human activities such as surfing, paddle, and swim. Likewise in the economic field, the existence of clean water can have an impact on agricultural irrigation. Good irrigation will increase the productivity of agricultural products, so that it will have an impact on the income of farmers. Furthermore, the condition of clean water can also be used for manufacturing activities and attracting tourists.
Dirty water will cause many diseases, good water will provide many benefits. Therefore, the maintenance of clean water really needs to be improved.
Countries with the cleanest water vs countries with poor water conditions
If we look for a country that has good water conditions, Switzerland is one of the countries that has the best water conditions. The availability of water in Siwws comes from rainwater and melting ice on the slopes of the mountain. This is what makes Switzerland have abundant water access. The condition of this clean water is not only from nature that provides it, but it is also accompanied by the efforts of the government and the community to protect the environment. Have good waste management by separating and recycling organic waste and then converting it into an energy system. Moreover, they keep the water clean by cleaning 90 liters of wastewater every day while producing biogas and sewage sludge.
Some countries that are in crisis for clean water are usually located in barren areas. Countries that are in ‘red light’ status include: Libya, Western Sahara, Djibouti, Yemen, Jordan. People in these countries are fighting for clean water. In Libya, the armed forces cut off the water supply to the Libyan capital and cities around it. In the Libyan city, there is a water supply that flows through an underground pipeline from the Sahara to Tripoi. As a result, more than two million people in the area are experiencing water shortages.
Clean water problems in Indonesia
At this time, the provision of clean water for the people of Indonesia is still faced with several problems. Ironically, population growth has also increased, causing water catchment areas to continue to decrease. In addition, public awareness of the environment is minimal, resulting in water pollution. Water pollution can be caused by settlements with people who pay less attention to the environment, industrial waste, or the use of technology that is less environmentally friendly. So that the water will be contaminated with microorganisms and will give disease to living things.
In addition, drought due to the dry season can also reduce the availability of water. It was proven in 2017, BMKG released data regarding the dry season which resulted in several areas in Indonesia experiencing drought.
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How to kept water clean
To keep water conditions clean, there must be cooperation from various parties. The government must make strict regulations for various private industries that dispose of waste carelessly. Some industries do not do waste neutralization, they immediately throw the waste into the river. Technological innovations to provide sanitation and clean water also need to be developed. Like what was done in Switzerland, Indonesia must be creative to maintained clean water.
The government must also provide socialization to the community about the important role of water. Because many Indonesian people still defecate in rivers or lakes. Furthermore, household waste also needs to be treated properly so as not to add to the pollution.