06 Oct Implementations of Clean Water and Sanitation in the world since 1990
What is it clean water and sanitation?
By definition, clean water and sanitation is a movement from one of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals program to make access to clean water and good sanitation facilities, especially in slum areas and rural areas.
About 1 in 3 of the world’s population does not have access to clean water and adequate sanitation facilities. Adequate sanitation facilities include the absence of hand soap, running water, and a hygienic or healthy place. More than 600 million people in the world still use defecation facilities in open and dirty places.
Many places around the world and especially rural areas still do not have access to clean water and adequate sanitation facilities. United Nation through UNICEF implements Clean Water and Sanitation from one of the Sustainable Development Goals programs to focus on empowering and improving public health in affected areas.
Since this program was initiated by the United Nations, the decline in the population with clean water and sanitation problems has increased by 76 to 90 percent from 1990 to 2015. Even though it has decreased, this must still be the concern of all stakeholders so that by 2030 the population Humans in rural and slump areas get adequate clean water and sanitation facilities.
However, since the Covid-19 pandemic hit, the problem is not centered on clean water and sanitation only but also with pandemic health issues that must be considered. Especially with the Covid-19 virus that spreads easily, it is necessary to have adequate clean water facilities so that it is not easy to spread and spread in rural areas and slump areas. Covid-19 will not end without the availability of clean water and good sanitation to support the health of the affected people.
Here are some facts about clean water and sanitation from the United Nations in various parts of the world.
-1 out of 4 Health facilities do not have an adequate supply of clean water.
-3 out of 10 people in the world have difficulty accessing clean water and 6 out of 10 people in the world do not have a proper sanitation system.
-More than 800 million population worldwide still do not have adequate defecation facilities.
-Difficulty in accessing clean water is experienced by more than 80 percent of the population, women and children.
-In 1995 to 2015 there was an increase in the population worldwide who had access to clean water by 90 percent.
-a study noted that more than 40 percent of the world’s population still suffers from a scarcity of clean water and still depends on river water.
-More than 2 billion population worldwide still do not have healthy sanitation facilities.
-Every day, approximately 1000 children have to die due to lack of clean water which causes health problems.
-Approximately 70 percent of the world’s water is drawn from rivers, lakes and groundwater.
-Natural disasters that cause many deaths are caused by water.
The Water Action Decade initiated by the United Nations is a movement to make the world have a clean water supply and good sanitation facilities in rural and slumps areas from 2018-2028. Within ten years, it is hoped that these places will have cleanliness and well-maintained health.
Some of the goals of the Clean Water and Sanitation target from the United Nations to achieve a clean and healthy world in 2030
-In all corners of the world get adequate sanitation facilities and easy access to clean water.
-In rural and slumps areas around the world, there are no more open defecation sites, but they have become proper and healthy places for defecation.
-Create an anti-pollution and pollution movement, where waste is not dumped into the water but is processed into recycled goods.
-Use water wisely and sufficiently in order to maintain water savings.
-All water sources can be used and utilized as well as possible.
-Protect water sources in nature from environmental pollution and intentional destruction.
-International cooperation from various parties to create adequate places for clean water and sanitation in developing countries. -cooperation with local parties and communities in the development of clean water and sanitation.