14 Oct World with No Poverty by 2030
What is Poverty?
Poverty is a condition of a person or group of people who have not or cannot fulfill their basic needs in life. Such as getting proper and healthy food every day, access to clean water and adequate sanitation, and getting basic facilities for good and sufficient survival.
No Poverty definition is to create a world free of poverty in all fields and in various spheres of a diverse human population. The explanation from the United Nations, No Poverty is a movement from the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to eliminate poverty and social inequality in the order of people’s lives.
More than 700 million people in the world are still in a cycle of poverty. However, the decline in the number of poverty populations from 1990 was 36 percent to 2015 to 10 percent. This is a significant and appreciable reduction in poverty.
The poverty experienced by the human population varies. Starting from health problems, education, decent work, food insecurity, clean water problems, and also adequate sanitation facilities. In the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic like this, the problem of poverty is still a scourge that must be considered. Because since the last 30 years poverty has begun to rise again, the population or equivalent to 8 percent of the total world population.
Although some of the human population trapped in the cycle of poverty have jobs, these jobs are not feasible and still do not meet their standard of living. Severe poverty is experienced by at least 1 in 8 children and women. Therefore, the United Nations and related parties must coordinate with each other to create a world free of poverty by 2030.
The COVID-19 pandemic that has hit various parts of the world has not only caused poverty but also economic problems. In developing countries, the Covid19 Pandemic has made the problems of social inequality and severe poverty rise; The problems include education, health, and limited staple food. In these developing countries, material losses are estimated at more than $200 million.
How can No Poverty be achieved?
With the Sustainable Development Goals movement entitled No Poverty, the United Nations and various related parties must work together to achieve a world free of poverty and other inequality by 2030. Focusing on the problems most affected, increasing adequate resources, and helping the population in the conflict or natural disasters situations.
Here are some facts about poverty experienced by various populations in the world,
- -More than 700 million people in the world still do not have a decent income. In 2015 about 10 percent of the population earned less than $2 per day.
- -Most of the Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia are the areas most affected by extreme poverty. The COVID-19 pandemic has made this situation even worse.
- -Good news from lower-class workers who have to live in extreme poverty, the number has decreased in 9 years. From 2010-2019 the poverty rate decreased from 14 percent to half, namely 7 percent.
- -Long before the Covid-19 pandemic, poverty had become a scourge that was difficult to control. Even until 2030, poverty will still exist, this will miss the No Poverty by 2030 target. The Covid19 pandemic is increasingly threatening the poverty population of up to 70 million for severe poverty.
- -Children and women who are in a cycle of poverty and all the bad consequences that accompany it in the early years of their lives can affect the rest of their lives.
- -About 4 billion people in the world in 2016 alone still do not get adequate social protection.
Some of the targets as quoted from the United Nations in eradicating poverty by 2030 are
- -Eradication of poverty in all its aspects in various population groups in the world. With a each of the group has an income of less than $2 per day.
- -Can reduce the population of poverty experienced by men, women, and children with various problem areas.
- -Implement adequate social protection for affected population groups. And prioritize the more vulnerable populations; severe poverty population.
- -To ensure that men and women get equality in economic rights issues. Both in terms of work, decent wages, and ownership of property such as land and houses.
- -Creating a breakthrough in resilience for the population groups most affected by severe poverty by reducing exposure and vulnerability to natural disasters and other social inequality problems; economy and environment.
- -Ensuring the mobility of resources for the benefit of empowering affected community groups, by utilizing the cooperation of various related parties and human resources. The implementation of rules and policies related to poverty eradication must also be considered in order to achieve No Poverty by 2030.
- -Create a national, regional and international policy framework, based on a pro-poor development strategy that is most affected, to support accelerated investment in poverty alleviation actions.