11 Aug 2 Ways to Combat Corruption in Indonesia as a Responsible Citizen
Commitment to combat corruption is a significant milestone in a country’s governance. In Indonesia, almost every election for the head of state does not escape the seriousness of observing the commitments given by the candidate for head of state to eliminate corruption. Inevitably this happens because corruption persists to erode people’s rights to state assets. The wealth of Indonesia is beyond abundant, but the government has left almost nothing for the welfare of the people.
Corruption eradication is a series of actions taken with community participation to prevent and combat corruption (via efforts to coordinate, supervise, monitor, investigate, investigate, prosecute, and examine court hearings) in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.
How Does Corruption Affect a Country
Corruption is a heinous state-sponsored crime. It stifles a country’s development for personal financial purposes. Corruption can negatively affect a country in the following ways:
- Increase the income gap between poor households and upper-middle-income households
- Lower the human development index
- Increase the unemployment rate
- Lower the economic performance as measured by real GDP per capita
- Increase the conflict that occurs in a country which inevitably interferes with the development process
- and more
Thus, corruption needs to be put to an end.
Corruption in Indonesia
For years, Indonesia has been battling the unending fight against corruption. From Transparency International, Indonesia is ranked 102 out of 180 in Corruption Perception Index by 2020. The current score indicates that corruption remains a major issue in Indonesia. The following are the data gathered by the supreme court regarding the state loss of Indonesia due to corruption:
- Convicted of corruption: 1115
- State loss (constant price 2015): 26,9
- Percentage (5%): 13,22
- Convicted of corruption: 149
- State loss (constant price 2015): 8,7
- Percentage (5%): 4,27
Independent State Institutions
- Convicted of corruption: 62
- State loss (constant price 2015): 81,8
- Percentage (5%): 40,14
- Convicted of corruption: 480
- State loss (constant price 2015): 2,0
- Percentage (5%): 0,97
Local Chief Officer
- Convicted of corruption: 75
- State loss (constant price 2015): 1,8
- Percentage (5%): 0,88
- Convicted of corruption: 670
- State loss (constant price 2015): 82,6
- Percentage (5%): 40,53
The entire data sums up to 2551 convictions of corruption, 203,9 state lost and 100% percentage.
Ways to Combat Corruption as a Responsible Citizen
It’s easy to say, but it’s challenging to do. It could not be denied that the commitment to eradicate corruption is difficult to implement and achieve. Various initiatives to combat corruption are launched in every period of government administration in this country. Nevertheless, the truth speaks for itself: corruption is not a problem that can be solved by a single government party. There needs to be a role held by the citizens to entirely cut the ties with corruption.
Eradicating corruption entails more than just apprehending the corruptors; it also necessitates preventive measures. The younger generation must be educated to prevent future corruption cases. This is where the school can take a role to be a place of moral and character development. Schools must provide a nuance that embraces efforts to internalize instilled values and ethics, including anti-corruption behaviour.
Efforts to cultivate anti-corruption mindsets, attitudes, and behaviours can be made through anti-corruption learning, which must be implemented in every school since anti-corruption learning is a civilizing process. Anti-corruption learning is a deliberate and systematic effort given to students in the form of knowledge, values, attitudes, and skills required so that students are willing and able to prevent and eliminate opportunities for corruption’s development.
Parents as well play a critical role in fostering anti-corruption values. Parents as well act as the first means for the advancement of intellectual education while also promoting the development of the youngster’s character and human values.
As a result, the educated younger generation may uphold the values of truth, faith, noble character, competence, and professionalism and become responsible citizens.
Public complaints are a valuable source of information for Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission. The majority of corruption cases are revealed as a result of public complaints. Before deciding whether a complaint can be continued to the investigation stage, the Corruption Eradication Commission carries out a verification and review process.
Community participation and public complaints in efforts to prevent and eradicate criminal acts of corruption take the form of seeking, obtaining, and providing data or information about criminal acts of corruption, as well as the right to provide responsible advice and opinions on the prevention and eradication of criminal acts of corruption.
Take a look at how the younger generation speaks up about corruption: 2 Brave Brothers Unfold Indonesia’s Corruption Issues Through Youtube