01 Aug Literacy Skills Holds The Ultimate Key to Decreasing Economic Inequality in 2021
Due in April 2021, Indonesia is ranked 71st out of 79 countries in the world in terms of literacy skills. This demonstrates the critical need for Indonesia to improve its society’s reading and writing skills. On the other hand, Indonesia has become known in recent years for the rise in economic inequality. Growing inequality undermines the fight against poverty, stifles economic growth, and jeopardizes social cohesion, particularly during pandemics.
Economic inequality has been linked to low literacy skills, according to research. As a result, in order to improve Indonesia’s economic situation, literacy skills must be improved.
What are Literacy Skills?
Literacy skills are the ability to communicate with other living beings efficiently. It includes all of the abilities required for reading, listening, speaking and writing. For instance, understanding of language sound, print, and the relationship between letters and sounds. According to The Edvocate, 13 types of literacy exist in the educational field, they are:
- Digital Literacy – Skills required to be fluent in utilizing digital media.
- Media Literacy- Ability to access, analyze, evaluate, generate, and respond on all forms of communication
- Recreational Literacy – Activities carried out on one’s own that foster positive attitudes, interests, and literacy habits.
- Disciplinary Literacy – Details of reading, writing, and communicating in a discipline.
- Civic Literacy – Understanding of how to actively take part in and create change in one’s local community and society.
- Multicultural Literacy – Ability to understand and tolerate differences.
- Information Literacy – Fluency in gaining, understanding and implementing information.
- Functional Literacy – Skills to tackle day-to-day social challenges.
- Content Literacy – Understanding of educational materials.
- Early Literacy – Most basic fluency in communication, reading, and writing. Usually settled in the early stage of life.
- Developmental Literacy – Intermediate fluency in communication that takes into account a child’s developmental stage.
- Balanced Literacy – Reading program that provides differentiated reading strategies by leveraging a variety of reading methods.
- Critical Literacy – Ability to process and simplify knowledge.
Throughout stages of life, improving and striving in each of these literacy skills are vital remembering humans are social beings.
How Literacy Skills Can Decrease Economic Inequality
A country’s state of economy and economic inequality is inversely proportional. When the economy rises, economic inequality decreases and vice versa. The following are some ways that literacy skills can improve the economy and suppress economic inequality.
1. Increases The Productivity of Workforce
Being able to communicate efficiently will allow individuals to strive in their workplace. They will be able to work efficiently as they can communicate with their teammates and deliver excellent results. This will benefit the company they are working with and thus, boosting workforce productivity at the national level by increasing a country’s economic strength and workforce quality.
2. Stop Generational Poverty
Generational poverty is lurking in the shadows of low literacy. When a parent is unqualified to work due to a lack of communication skills, their financial capacity to fulfil their children’s educational rights is reduced. Low literacy skills will reoccur in their children and grandchildren as a result of this. When there is an increase in skill, generation poverty due to low literacy is put to an end. The community will have the financial capability to buy daily necessities and other products. When demand gradually increases in the market. the economy will escalate.
3. High economic mobility
Reading, writing and comprehension are skills needed for high economic mobility. When consumers and producers are able to trade efficiently, economic mobility will increase resulting in a depletion in economic inequality.
Improving Education in Indonesia
The power of education is the key to obtaining quality workforces. Students can improve and practice their daily communication skills through education. When a country prioritizes education, its workforces are better prepared to face the professional world. In conclusion, there is no other choice but for the Indonesian government to focus on improving children’s education if the economy is demanded to rise.
Inequality does not only happen economically but in also education read: Disability Equality: 2 Simple Approach to Ensure The Rights Of Disabled Students