06 Jun No Poverty SDGs Implementation In The Middle of Covid-19 Pandemic
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is a continuation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) that ended in 2015. No Poverty SDGs is the backbone over any other goals. Because Poverty is believed to have a multidimensional problem to face in the first place. SDGs should be the goal that is followed by UN members until 2030. As a member of the UN, Indonesia also has preparation to implement SDGs by the government plan in the region until national level.
In the three years in row, Ministry of National Development Planning of the Republic of Indonesia (Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional Republik Indonesia/Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional) has shown the data that there’s a constant trend of poverty that declining in the country. However the trend stops until 2020 when the Covid-19 pandemic comes, and turns around to the increasing number of poverty. The number 1 SDGs implementation which is No Poverty showed the significant decrease. People getting laid off, entrepreneurs went out of business, until many companies closed. Which causes a new poverty rate caused by workers not working anymore. And unemployed people find it harder to find work than before the pandemic.
A s the United Nations said how they will have the road to achieve No Poverty SDGs in Indonesia, is to focus to the urgent issues such as health, education, social protection, foods security and sustainable agriculture, infrastructure, – including basic infrastructure such as water and sanitation, telecommunication, and green energy– ecosystem services and biodiversity, and also the financing for government’s administration. However in these times and situations, focusing on health is the main focus of the government as the pandemic started. Because Indonesia is one of the most highly reported cases of Covid-19. Even the high number of deaths per day also affects the poverty rate due to the difficulty of getting access to health and employment. That’s why there will be more issues about the economy as well due to massive layoff and even the industries that have to close that will bring more unemployed people in the country.
As the nation with one of highest population in the world, in 2019 Bappenas data shows there’s 68,7% productive age (15-64) group of the total population in Indonesia. And by 2020 when the pandemic comes, the productive age group are the most affected one. Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) shows that the poverty in March 2020 increased to 26,42 million people or up to 9,78 % compared to September 2019 with 24,79 million people. The BPS survey shows that 7 from 10 people who have a job in the low-middle class are getting a decrease from their income. However, people with the high class economic level only 3 out of 10 people who have a decreased income. The sudden layoff from the industries is one of the causes of the poverty problem. The middle class income is a vulnerable group that has a high risk of getting impacted. The Minister of National Development Planning / Head of the National Development Planning Agency (PPN / Bappenas) Suharso Monoarfa stated that due to the Covid-19 pandemic, poverty alleviation would also be hampered. The poverty rate which is targeted to decrease to 7 percent in 2024 is considered to be hampered. As a result, the government had to make adjustments to the target again. “In 2020, with Covid-19, the poverty rate has fallen to 9.22 percent but it must be corrected, [because] economic growth will be corrected,” he said. Suharso said this condition is not only experienced by Indonesia. The entire world affected by Covid-19 also experienced corrected economic growth. Therefore, the government will focus on accelerating economic recovery in 2021. At the same time, the government promise will also carry out social reforms, namely in the health sector, social protection, and disaster resilience.
(Source: Bappenas, BPS, United Nations)