07 Sep List of 4 Countries With the Best Social and Racial Equality: Example of Reduced Inequality States in 2020
Racial equality is when an institution is capable to provide equal opportunities to people regardless of races. Regardless of physical traits, skin colour, or nationality, institutions are obligated to give individuals legal, moral, and political equality. The goal here is to eliminate racial inequalities, racism, and to improve living for all racial groups. Racial inequalities primarily came from government-created laws, policies, and practices. Also, racial equality won’t be achieved if people still disliking racially diverse environment, unlike these countries.
The multicultural society in Canada is pioneered by three peoples: Indigenous, French, and British. However, this multicultural society used to be a mask for systemic racism, it is when laws, rules, policies, or practices in a workplace or a community deny participation, advancement, or equality for racialized people (sometimes it’s unconscious or unintentional, and goes unnoticed by anyone except its target). Thankfully, Canada begin to improve significantly in terms of racial equality by establishing new laws and NGO’s.
The government of Canada established Ontario Human Rights Commission in the Canadian province of Ontario on March 29th, 1961. To enforce racial equality in Canada, the commission create Ontario’s Human Rights Code in June 15th, 1962. The code was meant to prohibit racial discrimination & harassment and to provide equal rights and opportunities, and freedom from discrimination (applies in sectors such as employment, housing, facilities and services, contracts, and membership in unions, trade or vocational associations).
Before the establishment of strong human rights laws and systems to address racial equality, Canada has history of racism, yes. Mostly pointed towards Aboriginal persons, and other minority groups as well, and that history affects their systems and structures even to modern days. Back then, people of Canada thought one race is better than the other, so that’s surely affect people of colour in some aspect, such as employment. In which is why Canadian Union of Public Employees (CUPA) is established, to protect employment rights for anyone.
Until the mid-1960s, Danish population was extremely homogenous in terms of ethnic and religious background. 99% of the population was white and close to 97% were Lutheran Protestants. Even today, Denmark is still homogenous with 86.3% of Danish population in the country, but that doesn’t prevent Denmark to become a country with a good tolerance of racial equality. To make sure of that, the country established Danish Institute for Human Rights on May 5th 1987, to further equal treatment of all people regardless of gender, race or ethnic origin.
Danish Institute for Human Rights was an institute which built from the advice of United Nations (UN) that require each countries to establish National Human Rights Institution (NHRI). The institution was tasked to monitor and report on the human rights situation in the country it was built. They give advice parliaments and governments, deal with complaints from citizens whose rights have been violated, train authorities, provide public information and much more to strengthen and protect the human rights of people in their country.
Danish Institute for Human Rights work to further and promote human rights in Denmark and abroad. They monitor, meaning to observe, Danish legislation and make sure that it is in accordance with racial equality. They observe how Denmark actually implements international conventions, and racial equity by the UN’s standards. The institute provide counseling for people who have been a subject to discrimination. They later publish reports that create awareness and bring forth new knowledge to these areas, and the results shows.
3. New Zealand
New Zealand are mostly populated by European (59.1%) and Maori (14.6%), while the rest are Asian and Pacific peoples. An estimated 187,000 New Zealanders believed that racial discrimination was the reason for them being treated unfairly or unfavourably, and most of the complaints came from the Asian population (about 20% of the entire population). The most common situation where racial discrimination can be found is public place of any kind, and also working environment, racial equality is clearly lacking.
Thankfully, the New Zealand Human Rights Commission (established in 1977) managed to put racial equality under control, to a positive direction. They undertake numerous of projects as the Human Rights Commission to promote harmonious race relations and social inclusion. Harmonious race relations that they mentioned here refers to the ways in which peoples who are ethnically diverse positively interact with one another. Slowly but sure, New Zealand become a one of the country with the best racial equality in 2020.
Sweden is very homogenous in terms of race, 80.9% of the population are purely Scandinavian Swedish. This country has a poor history on racial equality as racism and xenophobia have been reported and investigated in Sweden quite frequent. For that reason, the country establish the Swedish National Institute for Human Rights, freshly established on June 9th 2021. Built in the city of Lund, Sweden, Swedish National Institute for Human Rights is tasked to investigate how well Sweden respects and complies with human rights.
Ever since then, Sweden becoming largely tolerant, progressive and can feel welcoming to outsiders. Thanks to the National Institute for Human Rights, which is supported by academic institutions with cutting-edge human rights expertise of Lund. The aforementioned Danish Institute for Human Rights can also contribute to the exchange of knowledge and experience that can be of great benefit to the Swedish human rights institute. With all of this, Sweden is transitioning into one of the countries with the best racial equality
These list were based on: Social Purpose by U.S. News
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