13 Jun What is ADHD and How is it Different from Autism?
What is ADHD and How is it Different from Autism? –
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or commonly abbreviated as ADHD is one of the most common behavioral disorders in children. About 10% of school-age children have ADHD. However, this disorder seems difficult to understand. Not infrequently, people think that ADHD is the same as autism. However, they are two different things.
So, what exactly is ADHD? What is the difference between ADHD and autism?
What is ADHD?
ADHD is a behavior disorder that begins in childhood, and can affect teenagers and adults.
Reporting from the National Institute of Mental Health , ADHD is a disorder that occurs in the brain, it is characterized by inattention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity that interferes with the function and development of a child’s brain.
Children with ADHD have difficulty staying focused. He usually does not like to sit and study for a long time. However, this is not because they do not understand what they are learning.
ADHD children are hyperactive children. They like to keep moving, maybe even to the point of disturbing friends who are nearby. They also like to act impulsively.
That is, they like to perform sudden actions without thinking about it first, they do not like to delay desire or satisfaction.
What is the difference between ADHD and autism?
Children with ADHD and autism both have problems with attention. Their behavior likes to change suddenly (impulsively) and also has difficulty communicating. They have problems relating to other people.
Because they look similar, sometimes people equate ADHD with autism. However, they are actually two different things. Then, what’s the difference?
If you pay close attention, children with ADHD will be different from children with autism. ADHD affects how the brain grows and develops.
Meanwhile, autism is a series of developmental disorders that affect language skills , behavior, social interactions, and learning abilities.
In terms of attention
Children with ADHD tend to avoid things that require high focus, such as reading books. They even looked uninterested from the start.
Meanwhile, children with autism tend to want to try to focus on the things they like. They can learn things they enjoy best, such as playing with certain toys.
In terms of interaction and communication with other people
Children with ADHD tend to talk non-stop. They can be distracting when people are talking and like it when they are dominant during a discussion.
Meanwhile, children with autism often have difficulty putting words into thoughts and feelings.
This makes it more difficult for them to express their opinion. They also find it difficult to make eye contact.
In terms of routine
Children with ADHD tend to dislike doing the same routine every day or for a long time.
While children with autism tend to like things in order, they like order, and don’t like it when their routines suddenly change.
What should I pay attention to when caring for a child with ADHD or autism?
It is difficult for you as a parent, even for a doctor to distinguish between ADHD and autism. Sometimes, some children with autism also have ADHD.
However, the diagnosis of ADHD or autism must be made so that the child gets the right treatment.
Proper treatment aims to manage both ADHD and autism symptoms, not cure them.
A combination of drug and behavioral therapy is the best way to treat a child with ADHD or autism. Behavioral therapy aims to help children change their behavior.
Children with autism may have to receive various types of therapy, related to behavior, speech, sensory integration, and learning, to help them communicate and relate to others.
Treatment for ADHD can reduce hyperactivity and impulsivity, and can improve concentration, work, understanding, and physical coordination.
Sometimes several drugs with different types and doses have to be tried before finding the right one for the child.
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What is ADHD and How is it Different from Autism?