09 Jul Adorable and Rare Land-Dwelling Animal that Almost Extinct, There are 5 of Them Here
This article showcasing the list of land-dwelling animal that almost extinct out of existence. These animals might go extinct due to reasons such as the loss of natural habitat, loss of genetic variation, slow breeding rate, pollution, and being hunted by humans. Extinction occurs when the whole species of an animal is completely wiped out from the face of the earth, and the 5 animal below is in the brink of extinction. Animal that almost extinct might be saved through wildlife conservation, and these animals might need it.
Javanese Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is a Critically endangered species of Rhinoceros with a total population of only 67 remain in this world, making it one of the most threatened large mammal species on Earth. They are safely confined in a conservational park on the southwestern tip of the Indonesian island of Java where they are originated, it’s called the Ujung Kulon National Park. It has a height of 4.6 – 5.8 feet, and weight of 1,984 – 5,071 pounds, living in their natural habitat of tropical forests.
Sounds hard to believe, but this rhino species live only in Ujung Kulon National Park in Java, Indonesia. Take this national park away, and the entire species will be gone, it is one of the animal that almost extinct. To maximize the effort of conservation, the International Rhino Foundation (IRF) has worked alongside the Rhino Foundation of Indonesia (Yayasan Badak Indonesia or YABI), and the staff of Ujung Kulon National Park to protect the world’s only population of Javan rhinos, while expanding their habitat in Indonesia.
This animal has two known species, Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) and Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) in which both of them are endangered as it experienced sharp population declines. About a hundred years ago, there are 230,000 orangutans in total, but that number declined until that the Bornean orangutan is now only 104,700 left, while the Sumatran orangutan is about 7,500 left. Sumatran orangutan weight 45kg, while Bornean orangutan can have double of that weight (50kg-100kg), with both has the lifespan of 35 – 45 years.
Orangutans is one of the animal that almost extinct because destruction of tropical rain forest, particularly lowland forest in Borneo and Sumatra, it is where they’re originated after all. Those tropical rain forest habitat in Sumatra were destroyed in exchange for conversion to palm tree plantations. In Indonesia, palm oil is an ingredient found in many everyday food and cosmetic products. Luckily, there are plenty of national parks in Indonesia that is prioritized to conserve orangutans, the most famous is the Tanjung Puting National Park, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Whales that dwell deep in the ocean might be an animal that almost extinct, to know why you can read: The Controversial Story of Japanese Whaling: 12th Century and Present Times
Snow Leopards (Panthera uncia) weight 32 kg as it reached adulthood, it is not yet determined for sure, but according to scientists there are estimated 4,080-6,590 snow leopards in the wild right now. Snow Leopards are listed as “Vulnerable” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Wild snow leopards can be found in the mountainous regions of central and southern Asia. While in India, we can spot snow leopards in a large area of the western and eastern Himalayas.
In the Himalayas, snow leopards live in high snowy alpine areas, live up to it’s name. Beside of territories above, Snow Leopards are found in 12 countries including China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Russia, and Mongolia, if there’s snow, there might be snow leopards. Snow Leopards is one of the animal that almost extinct because of poachers, killing it for it’s fur and to make medicines. Farmers at some point also forced to kill a snow leopard when it’s attacking animals and livestocks of the farm.
Malayan tiger (Panthera tigris jacksoni) just like snow leopards, are the victim of poachers who hunt Malayan tigers for it’s fur, meat, and traditional medicine, making them an animal that almost extinct. Their habitat that is being lost to deforestation and land development doesn’t help their populations neither. Anyway, Malayan tiger can be found in a few forested areas of Malaysia and a small chunk of Thailand. It is believed there are less than 300 Malayan tigers left in this earth, so we can consider it to be critically endangered.
Not much is known about the behavior of the tigers, that means it will be harder for us to conduct conservation efforts, Malayan tigers might be in a permanent danger if poachers keep up their work. The lifespan of Malayan tigers in the wild is up to 15 to 20 years, and it is concerning when it’s gets older because they can get injured easily during a hunt and lose the ability to catch it’s prey, which can lead in starvation. The best habitat for Malayan tiger to live in is the tropical forests where trees are packed close together, perfect for them to hunt.
Sumatran elephant (Elephas maximus sumatranus) is a subspecies branched from Asian elephant which is distantly related to the African elephant. The Sumatran elephant is the subspecies of Asian elephant that face the greatest danger than the rest of the subspecies. With less than 2,800 spread out across several pockets in the country. It is one of the animal that almost extinct since it’s being poached for it’s ivory tusk, skin, and meat. Beside that, their natural habitat might have been replaced by palm oil plantation.
Sumatran elephant is protected in Indonesia, conserved in the Way Kambas National Park in the Lampung Province of the Sumatra Island, Indonesia. Sumatran elephant prefer moist rainforest environments to live in, but they could relocate to rivers and hills depending on their needs. Elephants is important to a healthy ecosystem. It might sounds funny, but when they defecate, they will disperse seeds all over, helping to grow plants and replenish forests. Unfortunately, their so called healthy ecosystem is destroyed for human developments.
This article is continued to part 2, to read more about these land-dwelling animals, you can check: 5 Adorable & Rare Land-Dwelling Animals that Almost Extinct (Part 2)
If you are really interested about endangered animal, World Wildlife Fund might be able to help.