06 Jun SINETRON and more than 5 bad things in it.
Recently, Indonesian version of Telenovela or sometime we know as Sinetron named “Suara Hati Istri” or known as “Sinetron Zahra” is becoming a hot topic of conversation on social media. This happened because Zahra, who was originally 15 years old, played the role of Pak Tirta’s third wife who was pregnant.
When they learned about this fact netizens were busy responding to Zahra’s role, which was considered inappropriate for the young actress. Regarding this controversy, several important institutions such as the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI), the Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI), and the National Commission on Violence Against Women immediately spoke up.
But then if we see in the past few years Indonesian TV shows are experiencing a seatback in its quality content. As we know, not only a few of Sinetron involved violence like a stepmother hitting children, someone throwing hot water to housemaid, showing high school student drinking alcohol and smoking, using bad language , and also have a hand in promoting new lifestyle standards that prioritize publicity, glamour ,competition and individualism. And still there are a lot of verbal and physical abuse that sometimes appeared in Sinetron’s family scene.
Even if now we have entered digital world, but still there are a lot of teenage and even children that watch or following specific Sinetron. One of the factor that make Sinetron having its seatback is because they’re chasing the broadcast schedule giving no space for actors to practice their talent or probably even writer have no time to think for making good stories.
All of this bad thing of course cause many negative impacts especially to teenagers and children. By watching Sinetron some children may following the action of the character in Sinetron, its also decreasing the morality for teenagers, and have no education substance in it. And if children watch Sinetron without parental guidance, they can immediately copy bad character in it.
This controversy about Sinetron Zahra is of course in stark contrast to the government’s program to fight child marriage that has been attempted for the past 10 years. Based on data from the Socio-Economic Survey (SUSENAS) in 2018, in 10 years child marriage has decreased by 5.76% in rural areas, and only 1% in urban areas. The highest prevalence is in West Sulawesi as much as 19.43%, and also in West Java which has an absolute number of 273,300 child marriages.
In 2020 Indonesia faced various disasters such as floods, earthquakes, and the COVID-19 pandemic. The occurrence of these disasters was identified as one of the inhibiting factors for preventing early childhood marriages. Coupled with economic problems and pregnancies out of wedlock finally forced girls under the age of 18 to get married.
According to UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore, another factor known to add to the decline in child marriage is the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education which has made the situation even more difficult with school closures, isolation from friends and other support networks, and increase in poverty.
However, on February 5, 2020, the Indonesian government through the Minister of National Development Planning, Suharso Monoarfa, submitted the National Strategy for the Prevention of Child Marriage to UNFPA Representative, Anjali Sen.
The reduction in child marriage has become one of the targets set in the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2020 – 2024. In this plan, the Government aims to reduce the current prevalence of child marriage from 11.2% (2018) to 8.74 % by 2024. The government is also targeting to reduce it to 6.94% by 2030 in an effort to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The content of the strategy is said to have five dimensions. The first dimension is optimizing children’s self-capacity to have resilience and be able to act as agents of change. Second, a conducive environment to prevent child marriage. Third, improve accessibility and service expansion. The fourth dimension is the strengthening of regulations and institutional capacity. And the fifth dimension is strengthening coordination and synergy between different stakeholders to deal with child marriage.
Therefore, the entire scope of government and society should support and remain aware of the issue of child marriage. Although there are many challenges faced, I believe that if the entire community supports and implements this program, cases of early marriage and pedophilia in Indonesia will decrease drastically. Given that children are a very valuable asset for the nation, therefore the entire scope of the government is obliged to protect and fulfill the rights of children which are also the same as adults.
And as an Indonesian child, you have to keep your spirits up even though you are facing a pandemic. By still adhering to existing protocols and staying active in learning can help to fight the polemics that arise.