09 Jun Dysgraphia CHILD : When Children Have Writing Disorders, 3 things parent’s should do!!!!
Dysgraphia Child – There are various types of learning disorders in children that parents need to know. For example, reading disorders ( dyslexia ), counting disorders ( dyscalculia ), motor disorders ( dyspraxia ), and writing disorders (dysgraphia). What causes dysgraphia in children? Can parents prevent this condition? Here’s the full explanation.
What is dysgraphia?
Quoting from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke , dysgraphia child is a neurological disorder in children that makes them unable to write.
Generally, this learning disorder will appear when the child is first introduced to letters and writing.
The difficulties he often experience include:
- hand writing,
- compose sentences,
- use punctuation and grammar,
- issue simple ideas in written form, even
- holding a writing utensil.
Children with dysgraphia often feel stressed and experience anxiety disorders when someone asks them to write.
Quoting from Smart Kids Learning with Learning Disabilities , children with other learning disorders, such as dyslexia and ADHD, can also suffer from dysgraphia.
However, children with this condition usually do not have social or academic development problems .
Symptoms and signs of dysgraphia
Launching from the Understood page , the main sign and symptom of this condition is handwriting that is very bad and difficult for you to read.
In addition, there are other signs and symptoms of dysgraphia that parents need to understand, such as:
- holding stationery awkwardly,
- poor fine motor coordination ,
- inconsistent lettering,
- good pronunciation but difficult when writing,
- inaccurate word order and order, and
- Tired quickly and hands hurt when writing.
If children who are more than 6 years old experience the above, immediately consult a pediatrician or psychologist.
Quoting from the IDAI Medical Services Guidelines , parents can screen when their child is 6 years old.
For children less than 6 years old or preschool age, experts can only roughly assess that the child will later experience learning disorders, such as dysgraphia.
Although the assessment of children aged less than 6 years is still an early or rough picture, parents already need to train children in learning to write.
Causes of dysgraphia
There are two factors that cause dyspraxia child, here is an explanation.
Launching from the International Dyslexia Association page , researchers found a relationship between orthography in memory and handwriting ability as a cause of dysgraphia.
Orthography is a system of writing in a spoken language.
That is, the cause of dysgraphia is the child’s difficulty in storing the written and read words into memory, for the child to rewrite it.
Take for example the case, the child is fluent in reading the words “be careful on the road” or “push” on the door of the minimarket.
However, the brain is not able to remember and store the memory of the word ‘push’ or the letter ‘push-g’.
Other learning problems
The cause of dysgraphia cannot stand alone because it can be affected by other learning problems.
For example, children have difficulty spelling letters and words because of dyslexia or poor handwriting due to motor problems (dyspraxia).
Generally, children with dysgraphia do not have problems with gross motor skills, but have difficulties with fine motor skills.
This is because the child’s ability to grip and clamp a pencil with the index and thumb is included in the fine motor skills.
Are there factors that increase the risk of dysgraphia?
There are several conditions that can increase the risk of a child having difficulty writing, namely:
- child with ADHD ,
- hyperactive ,
- dyslexia, and
- child is late to talk .
Generally, children with the above conditions can experience dysgraphia. However, this writing ability disorder can present itself, without being triggered by other problems.
Read more : 5 parents things need to do . read
How to diagnose dysgraphia?
Quoting from Spled , there are several tests to diagnose learning disorders in children on this one.
- The writing test includes grammar, spelling, punctuation.
- Vocabulary selection and word use.
- Fine motor skills when gripping writing instruments.
Experts who can carry out this examination or test are educational psychologists, pediatricians who specialize in growth and development, to physiotherapists.
This is because writing disorders are not only about language and word skills, but also the ability of the wrist muscles.
There are several ways to treat dysgraphia, from learning to form letters to strengthening hand muscles. Here are some things parents can do.
You can go to a child education psychologist or physiotherapist to help your child with dysgraphia.
The therapist will perform a series of exercises to train the child’s fine motor skills.
Usually, the child will do physical therapy to help the arm position and posture when writing.
Some schools provide this type of therapy, but it is not impossible that you can get it outside of school at your own expense.
Exercise at home
Usually after doing therapy with a physiotherapist, they will ask the child to do routine exercises at home.
Quoting from the International Dyslexia Association , there are several activities parents can do to train children with dyspraxia.
Letter shaping activity
- Play with clay to strengthen hand muscles.
- Connect dots to form whole letters to improve fine motor skills.
- Copy text word by word.
- Write letters that children can read.
After children learn to form letters, children begin to develop writing skills with a different order of letters of the alphabet every day.
To make it easier for children to write and compose stories, here are some steps.
- Write down what the child says.
- Parents read stories, then children write them down.
If the child has problems with handwriting and spelling skills, parents can pronounce the word with spelling.
For example, parents read the sentence “fish swim in the pool” with the fragment, “i-kan swim in the pool”.
If it is still difficult, describe letter by letter such as “fish swimming in a pond”.
It doesn’t take too long to train children to write, just 10-15 minutes every day so your little one doesn’t feel bored.
If your child seems to enjoy learning, you can do it more often, for example twice a day.
Is there a way to prevent dysgraphia?
To prevent writing problems in children, parents need to train fine motor skills and introduce letters to their little ones as early as possible.
It could be from infancy, or the age of one year. There are several ways that parents can do such as:
- recognize letters using a flash card ,
- provide stationery such as books and pencils, and
- Read fairy tales to increase children’s vocabulary .
The role of parents is very important to build a child’s mentality so that he is not inferior and discouraged by this condition.
If the child feels down and inferior, there is no need to give advice. Enough parents are present to hear the story.
You can start practicing again when the child has calmed down.
Maulana, M. (2021). in Late Diagnosed Congenital Hearing Loss with Delayed Speech: A Case Report. Aulad: Journal on Early Childhood, 3(3), 139-148. doi:https://doi.org/10.31004/aulad.v3i3.73